Washington, Oct 21 (Xinhua/UNB) -- The 70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), a five-day conference devoted to discussing innovation and advances in the space industry, began in Washington D.C. on Monday.
The congress, which runs until Friday, has drawn more than 6,000 industry delegates from around the world to discuss the space industry growth, solar and deep space exploration, liquid water search on Mars, defense against asteroids and space transportation management.
Jean-Yves Le Gall, president of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF), put emphasis on collaboration in space exploration.
He said at the opening ceremony that no one can alone achieve what they want nowadays and he urged all players to work together, "not letting anything standing in the way."
This year's congress theme is "Space: The Power of the Past, The Promise of the Future."
The IAC is the world's largest annual gathering of space professionals and its parent organization is the Paris-based IAF.
The International Aeronautical Congress has been held every year since 1950. The five themes of IAC are Science and Exploration, Applications and Operations, Technology, Infrastructure, and Space and Society.
United Nations, Oct 21 (Xinhua/UNB) -- Mary Wareham, global coordinator of the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, on Monday urged the international community to stop developing lethal autonomous weapons systems, or killer robots.
"We aspire to create a broad based movement that will create so much pressure that the governments launch negotiations on a new international treaty to prohibit weapons systems that would select and engage targets without meaningful human control. Such fully autonomous weapons are also called lethal autonomous weapons systems at the talks in Geneva," said Wareham.
"We believe that they (killer robots) cross the threshold of acceptability and therefore must be prohibited," she said at a press conference held at the UN headquarters in New York.
"Killer robots or lethal autonomous weapon systems are crossing a moral and ethical Rubicon and should not be allowed to exist and be used in combat or any other way," said Jody Williams, the founding coordinator of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) from early 1992 until February 1998.
"I think that they were hoping and really expecting the larger community would not find out about the research and development of killer robots," she said.
"If we allow autonomous weapons to deploy and select and engage with their own targets, we will see disproportionate false fatalities," said Liz O'Sullivan with the International Committee for Robot Arms Control (ICRAC).
Shanghai, Oct 21 (Xinhua/UNB) -- China will have over 600 million 5G subscribers by 2025, accounting for nearly 40 percent of the global total, Sihan Bo Chen, head of GSMA Greater China, told Xinhua on Monday.
The global 5G subscriber forecast has increased to 1.6 billion by 2025 from 1.4 billion, and much of this growth will come from China based on operators' rolled-out plans, she said, citing a forecast by GSMA, an international association in the mobile industry.
Up to 85 percent of the Chinese population will subscribe to mobile services by 2025, while 88 percent of those subscribers will have smartphones and 36 percent will use 5G services, said John Hoffman, CEO of GSMA Ltd.
"We welcome China's continued effort to promote openness to build a 'shared future' through collaboration and cooperation," he said.
As a co-organizer of the World Internet Conference held in east China's Zhejiang Province, GSMA released a white paper on artificial intelligence (AI) in network case studies together with China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom, Huawei and other companies.
"We hope the development of the mobile network in China will inspire the rest of the world and bring next-generation AI services to life," said Sihan Bo Chen.
With just over a year left until the 2020 U.S. presidential election, Facebook is stepping up its efforts to ensure it is not used as a tool to interfere in politics and democracies around the world.
The efforts outlined Monday include a special security tool for elected officials and candidates that monitors their accounts for hacking attempts such as login attempts from unusual locations or unverified devices. Facebook said Monday it will also label state-controlled media as such, label fact-checks more clearly and invest $2 million in media literacy projects.
The company also announced it has removed four networks of fake, misinformation-spreading accounts based in Russia and Iran. These networks sought to disrupt elections in the U.S., North Africa and Latin America, the company said. In the past year, Facebook says it has taken down 50 such clusters of accounts, a sign that efforts to use its services to disrupt elections are not letting up.
"Elections have changed significantly since 2016 and Facebook has too," CEO Mark Zuckerberg said in a conference call Monday. The social network was caught embarrassingly off guard during the 2016 election, having let others use its platform to spread misinformation, manipulate voters and meddle with democracy.
The company says it will also add more prominent labels on debunked posts on Facebook as well as on Instagram. It will put labels on top of what are deemed "false" and "partly false" photos and videos. But Facebook will continue to allow politicians to run ads containing misinformation .
Critics say Facebook's measures don't go far enough and argue that the main problem is its business model, which depends on targeted advertisements and making sure that users stay engaged and entertained. Sen. Elizabeth Warren, a leading Democratic presidential candidate and one of Facebook's biggest critics , has proposed breaking it up.
Facebook also says it will add more information about the people or groups who establish or manage Facebook pages. The company said Monday it has noticed groups and people "failing" to disclose the organizations behind pages so people think it is run independently. Starting with large pages in the U.S., Facebook says it is adding a new section about "organizations that manage this page."
Facebook says it will require the page's creators to add this information in order to run ads. The rule applies to pages that have gone through the company's business verification process and to pages that run ads about social issues, elections or politics. If the page creators don't post this information, they won't be allowed to advertise.
Seoul Oct 21 (Xinhua/UNB) -- Hyundai Motor Group, South Korea's automotive giant, said Monday that it has developed an artificial intelligence (AI)-based, driver-customized autonomous driving technology.
Hyundai said in a statement that it developed the Smart Cruise Control-Machine Learning (SCC-ML) technology for the first time in the world that allows a partial driverless driving customized to a driver's driving pattern.
The SCC-ML adds AI technology to the SCC function that is one of the Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) technologies to allow a vehicle to drive at a set speed with a certain distance from other vehicles.
Under the SCC-ML, a vehicle's machine learning function collects pieces of information through cameras and sensors about a driver's driving pattern, such as the distance from other vehicles, how fast the driver gains speed, and how quickly the driver responds to changed road conditions.
Hyundai said the SCC-ML can realize the Level 2.5 autonomous driving technology beyond the Level 2 technology that includes a function of lane change.
It noted that the company and its affiliate Kia Motors would apply the newly developed technology to new models in a selective manner.