Dhaka, Jan 14 (UNB) – The government will soon initiate a process to export surplus electricity to neighbouring country Nepal in the winter when Bangladesh sees a drop in domestic consumption.
According to official sources at the Power Ministry, the electricity export to Nepal will take place under the cross-border power trade where a tripartite agreement among the three neighbouring nations -- Bangladesh, India and Nepal --will be required.
The cross-border power trade between Dhaka and New Delhi started few years back whereby Bangladesh is importing over 1,000 MW of electricity from India.
Dhaka is also trying to import electricity from its other neighbours, including Bhutan and Myanmar, to meet the demand during the summer season.
Officials said the Indian government’s recent approval of guidelines is seen as a major development in the Bangladesh’s initiative to achieve its target for power export-import trade with Nepal.
Officials said Bangladesh has initially planned to import power from Nepal through setting up hydropower plants there. But now it sees a major opportunity for exporting electricity to Nepal in the winter as well as before the start of its electricity import from the Himalayan nation.
The demand-curve of electricity in Nepal is just reverse of Bangladesh.
Officials said the demand for power increases in the Himalayan nation in the winter with the drop in the mercury whereas it sees a rise in Bangladesh for cool weather.
Similarly, the demand goes up in the summer in Bangladesh while dips in Nepal.
“Bangladesh mainly wants to take this advantage to export additional electricity to Nepal in the winter season and also import electricity from the Himalayan country in the summer season when they need less power,” said Mohammad Hossain, director general of Power Cell, a technical wing of the Power Ministry.
He, however, said it is very hard to achieve the target within the next winter as export or import of electricity to and from Nepal needs huge infrastructure development which a time-consuming matter.
Hossain mentioned that the recent amendment to the Indian guidelines has come as a big boon to Bangladesh’s initiative to import and export power from and to Nepal.
Referring to the India’s amended ‘Guidelines for Import/Export (Cross Border) of Electricity- 2018’ published on December 18 last, Power Ministry officials said it will enable Bangladesh to both import and export electricity to and from the neighbouring countries via India.
As per the guidelines, two separate countries can trade electricity where India will take part through a tripartite agreement or giving approval.
Dhaka signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Kathmandu in August last for cooperation in the power sector where hydropower generation in Nepal under a joint venture and electricity export-import issue got special emphasis.
As a follow-up of the MoU, Bangladesh and Nepal held a joint official level meeting on December 3 in Kathmandu which decided to form two technical committees to conduct feasibility studies within the next three months for power generation in Nepal under the joint venture and creating infrastructure for import and export of power from and to Nepal.
State Minister for Power and Energy Nasrul Hamid recently said Bangladesh would move for creating necessary infrastructures with a target to start electricity export to Nepal in the next winter.
Mohammad Hossain said the country’s electricity demand dropped to 3,000 MW on the election day on December 30.
“Such fall in the demand is very risky for the system having an install generation capacity of 18,000 MW,” he added.
Bangladesh now generates about 11,000 MW from its installed capacity of 18,000 MW while it has set a target to reach its generation to about 60,000 MW by 2041.
Khulna, Jan 14 (UNB) – At least 107 women and girls were raped in the district in the last 19 months till November 30 last, showing that this society is still far away from ensuring a safe environment for women.
According to reports of the Khulna Metropolitan Police (KMP) and district police submitted at a meeting on law and order held at the KMP headquarters on January 8, the rate of rape was higher in rural areas during the period and most of the victims were aged between 25 to 40.
Six women were raped in May, August, September and December each, while four each in June, October and November and seven in July of 2017, the reports said.
In 2018, five were violated in January, March and August each, seven each in February and July, while six in April, one in May, 10 in June, 11 in September, four in October and three in November.
Many of the perpetrators served 7-10 months’ jail term after their arrest while some others have been on the run to evade arrest.
Charge-sheets are yet to be submitted in 25 percent of the cases, said the reports.
Sources at the local office of the Department of Women Affairs said the rape victims were given treatment at the one-stop crisis centre of Khulna Medical College Hospital while Bangladesh National Women Lawyers' Association (BNWLA), Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services Trust (BLAST) and Human Rights Implementation Organisation were providing legal aid to them.
The reports, however, said the rate of other crimes saw a decline in the district during the period.
Additional Superintendent of Police Md Anisur Rahman said police recorded cases whenever they received any complaint of rape. “However, some of the complaints are found to be false,” he said.
“Guardians file cases after bringing back their daughters when they leave their houses without their consent. Most of the incidents are love-related ones. All the complaints are investigated,” the police official added.
He also said the law-and-order situation in the district is satisfactory as the trend of crime is showing a downtrend.
Dhaka, Jan 13 (UNB) – Despite Bangladesh’s “serious efforts” to resume the halted repatriation process, the recent deteriorating condition in Rakhine State of Myanmar has brought “much worries” among all concerned, clouding the repatriation prospect, officials indicate.
More Rohingyas, not in a big number, entered Bangladesh territory in recent days amid the further deteriorating scenario in Myanmar, they said.
In recent weeks, the intensification of violence between the “Arakan Army” and the Myanmar Army has led to increased humanitarian consequences for the civilian population and caused displacement of nearly five thousand people in Rakhine and Chin States.
“The situation is fragile there where Rohingyas were supposed to go back. We’ll certainly want to start the repatriation process,” Refugee, Relief and Repatriation Commissioner (RRRC) Mohammad Abul Kalam told UNB.
At the same time, he said, it is right to say that it is a matter of worry to see the deteriorating scenario instead of significant improvement in the place of origin of Rohingyas. “So, there’s reason to be worried about.”
Responding to a question, RRRC Kalam said they have heard about few new entry but they are yet to verify it fully to determine the numbers. “It’s under verification process.”
The national taskforce for Rohingya refugee response, chaired by Foreign Secretary M Shahidul Haque, reviewed the overall situation on Rohingya on Thursday and discussed how the international community can genuinely get engaged to resolve the crisis.
“Firstly, we evaluated the repatriation-related situation and got updated on the recent incidents (in Myanmar),” a senior government official who attended the meeting told UNB.
He said they also discussed the proposed 2019 joint response plan for Rohingya humanitarian to determine the funding mechanism and priority areas. The plan will be finalised soon for formal launching.
State Minister for Foreign Affairs M Shahriar Alam has already said the government will continue to take effective steps to address the pending issues, including solution to the Rohingya crisis.
The State Minister said they did not deliberately push the repatriation issue that much before the election as the repatriation could not take place as agreed by the two countries though the two countries were very close to starting the repatriation.
“Our efforts will be expedited in the coming days, I can say that with confidence,” Shahriar said keeping focus on the listed and verified Rohingyas.
Bangladesh and Myanmar had agreed to begin the repetition of the first batch of Rohingyas by mid-November last year but it was halted.
The international community appreciated Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s humanitarian support to nearly 1.1 million Rohingyas from Myanmar.
An official wishing to remain unquoted said more Rohingyas are coming to Bangladesh from other countries.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has recently sought clarification from India over the return of Rohingya and regretted the India's decision.
There are an estimated 18,000 Rohingya refugees and asylum-seekers registered with UNHCR in India, living across different locations, it said.
Lee to visit Rohingya camps
The UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar Yanghee Lee will visit Bangladesh soon to see Rohingya situation in Cox’s Bazar district amid Myanmar’s continued denial to her access to Rakhine State.
Lee, who earlier said incidents in Rakhine State bear the “hallmarks of genocide” and called for accountability in the strongest terms, will begin her Bangladesh visit on January 19.
She also plans to visit the island of Bhashan Char in Noakhali. The Bangladesh government has planned to shift Rohingyas to the island.
The UN Special Rapporteur will present her findings and recommendations at the 40th session of the Human Rights Council in March 2019.
The UN Special Rapporteur will also visit Thailand from January 14 before travelling to Bangladesh on January 19, according to a message received from Geneva on Friday.
The Myanmar government has maintained its decision to cease cooperation with the Special Rapporteur, and refused her entry to Myanmar.
“I still seek to engage with the Myanmar government, and I remain committed to my mandate to monitor the situation of human rights in Myanmar. I’ll continue to meet people from Myanmar and speak out about human rights issues that occur around the country,” said Lee on Friday.
ICRC Head of Delegation in Myanmar Stephan Sakalian said they are concerned about the humanitarian consequences of the latest armed clashes in Rakhine, particularly as it compounds an already precarious situation.
"The ICRC is concerned about the humanitarian consequences of the latest armed clashes in Rakhine, particularly as it compounds an already precarious situation," explains Sakalian, ICRC resident representative for Myanmar.
"Our teams have been active for the past three weeks, assessing and responding to the needs of affected communities. We hope to reach all of those in need."
Dhaka, Jan 13 (UNB) – Perched on hills overlooking the borders of Bangladesh, India and Myanmar, sits the small village of Bogakhali.
It is a remote place in every sense of the word. Reaching it by land is a herculean task as it takes nearly seven days to get there from Rangamati Sadar Upazila. One has to walk almost all the way through the hills.
Sonapoti Chakma, described as a sprightly young girl by her acquaintances, is a resident of this village. She tied the knot with Doyamoy Chakma of the locality and the couple was expecting their first child last month.
She went into labour on December 30, the day the nation was busy with its national election. Her family contacted the local midwife, but her child could not be saved due to the lack of medical facilities and treatment.
The mother’s life was hanging precariously in the balance. When all hope had seemed lost, her family rushed to the local outpost of Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB) desperately looking for help. The sentinels wasted no time and contacted the army.
Within hours, the army, with the assistance of Bangladesh Air Force, airlifted Sonapoti to the Combined Military Hospital (CMH), Chattogram. She has made it through.
“Her child was lost because we don’t have any medical facility near the village,” said Dumdumma Union Parishad Chairman Shantiraj Chakma. “She survived thanks to the army. May be the child would have survived too had we been able to contact them earlier.”
The case of Sonapoti is not unique in receiving the army’s help. There are many, for example, Bangladesh women’s football team member Chathuima Marma and Lakshmichhari Police Station’s Constable Mongjoy Chakma.
Recently, a man and his son, suffering from an unidentified disease, received financial assistance from the army’s Rangamati region who also made arrangements for them to travel to India for treatment.
The men in uniform also came forward with humanitarian assistance when nearly 30 families of Khagrachhari’s Durchhari area had diarrhoea.
“We’re doing whatever we could to help people,” Colonel Md Nazim-ud-Daula told UNB. “We’re just following our motto – in war, in peace, we’re everywhere for our country.”
Dhaka, Jan 13 (UNB)- The National Board of Revenue (NBR) has decided to distribute leaflets among the foreign nationals who are engaged in various types of jobs in the country to ensure revenue collection from them.
"We have taken a decision to bring the service holder foreigners under the tax net and motivate them not to evade taxes," a senior official of the NBR told UNB.
He said that leaflets to be distributed among the foreign nationals will give them idea about the tax system of the county and give them knowledge to calculate their payable income taxes.
The NBR official said that the leaflets will also be distributed in the diplomatic missions of various countries situated in Bangladesh through the Foreign Ministry.
According to a statistics given by Home Minister Asaduzzaman Khan Kamal on February 8, 2018 in the 10th Parliament some 85,486 foreign national of 44 countries are involved in various types of jobs legally.
Some 35,386 Indians are involved in various types of jobs in Bangladesh which is highest from a single country. People of Pakistan, Sri Lanka, China, Taiwan, South Korea and some European and African countries are also working in Bangladesh.
Of the total numbers, 67,853 are businessmen, 8300 experts, 3682 officials, 2105 players and sports organisers, 922 capital investors, 804 personal staff, 727 technical professionals, 561 NGO workers, 400 research or training staff and 132 are house assistants.
But the NBR apprehended that the actual number of the foreign nationals engaged in jobs in Bangladesh will be four to five times higher.
The decision to distribute leaflets among the foreign nationals was taken at a Board meeting recently held at the NBR conference room with its chairman M Mosharraf Hossain in the chair.
The foreigners who will enter Bangladesh through air and land ports will get these leaflets and acquire some knowledge about the tax payment of their income from this country.
“NBR has the information that a good number of foreign nationals are staying in the country without valid document and engaged in service in various trades. Taking this chance the local business houses don’t give information about their foreign employees to the NBR, as a result the country is depriving of taxes,” the NBR official said.
To stop income tax dodging by the foreigners, a new section has also been added to the Income Tax Ordinance in 2015-16 under which one will be jailed for three months to three years and be panelized Tk five lakh or both if he/she appoints any foreigner national without prior permission of the authorities concerned. The companies will also lose tax holiday or exemption benefits.
All the foreigners are bound to pay 30 percent tax on their income if they stay and work in the country for 90 days a year.