Dhaka, Sept 28 (UNB)- National Investigation Agency (NIA) of India pressed charges against 3 members of Jamaat-ul Mujahideen ), Bangladesh(JMB) for their involvement in terrorist act of planting three IEDs in and around Bodhgaya temple complex on 19th Jan 2018.
NIA filed the charge- sheet in Special NIA Court, Patna in a case over recovery and explosion of IEDs in Bodhgaya Temple Complex, Bihar, according to a release published on NIA website.
The charge-sheeted accused are Paigambar Sheikh alias Abdul Aziz son of Late Hazrat Ali, resident of Kankuria, PS Samshergunj of Murshidabad, Ahmad Ali alias Kalu, son of Late Hussain Ali, resident of Ratanpur, PS Samshergunj, and Nur Alam Momin, son of Mansur Momin, resident of Kamat, Mominoara, Dhulian, PS Samshergunj of the same district in West Bengal-all members of JMB.
Investigation has also revealed the involvement of accused Jahidul Islam alias Kausar of Jamalpur, Bangladesh, Mustafizur Rahman alias Shaheen of Birbhum, West Bengal and Adil Sheikh, Dilwar Hossain, Abdul Karim of Murshidabad, West Bengal and Arif Hussain alias Anas of Barpeta, Assam.
Four of these accused persons were arrested in Aug 2018 while accused Arif Hussain is still absconding.
Investigation brought out that accused Jahildul Islam alias Kausar is a senior member of JMB and Mustafizur Rahman is his close confidant.
Accused Paigambar Sheikh, Ahmad Ali, Nur Alam, Adil Sheikh, Dilwar Hossain, Abdul Karim and Arif Hussain are all members ofJMB.
The NIA report said, “Accused Jahidul Islam @ Kausar and Mustafizur Rahman @ Shaheen entered into a conspiracy with their other associates to carry out terror incidents in India by way of planting IEDs and carrying out explosions at symbols of Buddhist faith in order to show solidarity with the Rohingya Muslims fighting with Myanmar Government and to cause loss to public life and property, to wage war against Government of India and to overawe the Government of India.”
In furtherance of the conspiracy, the accused persons contacted and assembled together at various places, took hideouts at Jahanabad and Masaurhi in Bihar, carried out reconnaissance of the targets at Bodhgaya and procured explosives and other materials for manufacture of the IED, it said.
Accused Jahidul Islam with the help of other co-accused made 3 IEDs and 2 hand grenades. The IEDs were planted by Adil Sheikh, Dilwar Hossain and Arif Hussain in the premises of Bodhgaya on 19th Jan, 2018 in order to cause loss to public life and property during the auspicious presence of his holiness the Dalai Lama and also during the visit of his Excellency the Governor of Bihar at Bodhgaya, thus committing a terrorist act, it added.
New Delhi, Sep 28 (AP/UNB) — The chief justice of India's Supreme Court has presided over a string of recent rulings that grant more rights to women, gay couples and religious minorities, challenging deeply conservative Indian society before he retires next month.
In the latest decision Thursday, Chief Justice Dipak Misra and the rest of the five-member court struck down a 158-year-old law that treated adultery in certain cases as a criminal offense punishable by up to five years in prison.
The court called the law, which did not allow wives to prosecute adulterous husbands, unconstitutional and noted that a "husband is not the master of woman." Adultery can still be grounds for divorce in India, the verdict said, but a criminal penalty violated women's protection to equal rights under the law.
The verdict was hailed by activists and left-of-center members of India's Parliament.
"Excellent decision," tweeted Sushmita Dev, a lawmaker and president of the opposition Congress party's women's wing. She said "a law that does not give women the right to sue her adulterer husband ... is unequal treatment and militates against her status as an individual."
Amnesty International India said the decision was "a progressive judgment" and the old law was a "remnant of a time when a woman was considered to be the property of her husband."
The scrapped law allowed men to file charges against other men who had affairs with their wives. Women having affairs could not be prosecuted, but they also couldn't file a complaint against cheating husbands.
Earlier this month, the Misra-led court also struck down a colonial-era law that made gay sex punishable by up to 10 years in prison. The 1861 law, a relic of Victorian England that hung on long after the end of British colonialism, was "a breach of the rights of privacy and dignity," the court ruled. It added that "history owes an apology to the members of this community and their families, for the delay in providing redressal for the ignominy and ostracism that they have suffered through the centuries."
On Thursday, the court also decided not to reconsider a 1994 decision that would have delayed proceedings in a case over the ownership of the site of a mosque that Hindu hard-liners demolished in 1992.
The court's recent pace of decisions speaks to another feature of Misra's tenure: expediting cases in a country where they routinely take decades to resolve.
There are 33 million court cases pending in India, government figures show.
Misra is stepping down as chief justice next week when he turns 65, the mandatory retirement age for Supreme Court judges.
He joined India's highest court in 2011. His 13-month tenure as chief justice has won him accolades from advocates of disadvantaged groups but drawn unprecedented criticism from other members of the bench.
In January, the four most senior justices held a news conference against Misra, who as chief justice controls the court's roster and decides who will take which cases, listing a litany of problems that they said afflicted the court and risked undermining India's democracy. Misra met with the dissenting judges, who continued on the bench.
Geneva, Sept 27 (AP/UNB) — The U.N.'s top human rights body has agreed to set up a team to collect evidence of alleged crimes committed in Myanmar since 2011 that could one day be used to prosecute violators in court.
The 47-member Human Rights Council voted 35-3 on Thursday to create an "independent mechanism" that is intended to complement a fact-finding mission the council previously authorized to help document alleged rights violations in Myanmar.
China, Burundi and the Philippines opposed the measure. Seven countries abstained from the vote.
The mechanism's work is expected to cover a massive security crackdown that began in August 2017. Human rights group say it left at least 10,000 people dead and caused hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims to flee to Bangladesh.
Srinagar, Sep 27 (AP/UNB) — Anti-India protests and clashes erupted in several places in disputed Kashmir on Thursday after Indian troops killed a young man, officials and residents said, and an Indian soldier and a rebel were killed in a separate gunbattle.
Residents in Indian-controlled Kashmir's main city, Srinagar, said government forces shot and killed the young man during a raid early Thursday. The man worked as a shepherd and he was attending to his sheep when troops fired at him, they said.
Police have yet to make a statement.
The killing triggered protests and clashes as hundreds of people poured into streets at several places in downtown Srinagar calling for the end of Indian rule. They chanted slogans like "Go India, go back" and "We want freedom" as some of the residents barraged police and paramilitary soldiers with stones.
Government troops fired tear gas and shotgun pellets to quell the protests while authorities restricted movement in old quarters of the city.
Later thousands attended the man's burial.
Elsewhere, India's army said a soldier and a rebel were killed Thursday in a gunbattle in southern Qazigund area.
Col. Rajesh Kalia, an army spokesman, said the troops raided a village in the area on a tip that some militants were hiding there, leading to exchange of gunfire. He said the operation was ongoing.
Also on Thursday, at least two militants were trapped in a mosque after troops laid a siege around it in Panzan village, police said.
As the siege continued, villagers tried to march toward mosque in solidarity with the rebels, leading to clashes between stone-throwing protesters and government forces who deployed tear smoke shells and pellets.
No one was immediately reported injured in both the clashes.
Most Kashmiris support the rebel cause of unifying the divided region either under Pakistani rule or as an independent country, while participating in civilian street protests against Indian control. In recent years, mainly young Kashmiris have displayed open solidarity with rebels and sought to protect them by engaging troops in street clashes during military operations.
Rebels have been fighting Indian control since 1989. Nearly 70,000 people have been killed in the uprising and the ensuing Indian military crackdown.
Dhaka, Sept 27 (UNB) - The Supreme Court of India on Thursday unanimously struck down Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code that makes adultery a punishable offence for men.
In four separate but concurring judgments, the five-judge bench of the Supreme Court said the 158-year-old law was unconstitutional and fell foul of Article 21 (Right to life and personal liberty) and Article 14 (Right to equality), reports Indian media.
The apex court also declared Section 198(1) and 198(2) of the CrPC, which allows a husband to bring charges against the man with whom his wife committed adultery, unconstitutional.
Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, who pronounced the judgment in concurrence with Justice AM Khanwilkar, said while adultery could be a ground for civil issues, including dissolution of marriage, it could not be a criminal offence.
“Adultery can be ground for any civil wrong. There can’t be any social license that destroys the matrimonial home, but adultery should not be a criminal offence,” he said.
Stating that a wife was not a chattel of the husband, Misra said, “Any provision of law affecting individual dignity and equality of women invites the wrath of the Constitution. It’s time to say that a husband is not the master of wife. Legal sovereignty of one sex over other sex is wrong.”
However, if any aggrieved spouse ended her life because of her partner’s adulterous relation, it could be treated as an abetment to suicide if evidence was produced, the CJ said.
The CJ further said Section 497 was manifestly arbitrary and offends the dignity of women.
Stating that the beauty of our Constitution was that it includes ‘I, me and you’, Misra said equality was the governing principle of a system.
On January 5, a three-judge bench of the Supreme Court, headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, referred the PIL to a larger constitutional bench. The bench had contended the provision seemed “quite archaic, especially when there is societal progress”. In three earlier judgments in 1954, 1985 and in 1988, the court had upheld the provision.