No matter how busy you are, running, even for as little as once a week or less, will make you live longer regardless of your sex, according to Australian research published on Tuesday.
The research showed that even running once a week for 50 minutes or less, at speeds below 8 km an hour appeared to have significant health and longevity benefits.
Scientists from Victoria University, the University of Sydney and the University of Southern Queensland in Australia analysed conference presentations, doctoral thesis and dissertations in a broad range of academic databases to reach their conclusion.
They combined the results from 14 suitable studies which tracked the health of 232,149 people over periods of between 5.5 and 35 years, of those participants 25,951 died.
Their meta-analysis showed any amount of running was associated with a 27 percent lower risk of death and reduces the risk of death from cardiovascular disease and cancer by 30 percent and 23 percent respectively, compared with no running.
Interestingly, the research also showed that increasing frequency, duration and pace of running wasn't associated with the further lowering of risk of death from any cause.
As an observational study, the research can't reveal how running reduces the risk of death from any cause and researchers caution that the number and methods adopted in their research may have influenced their results.
Around 5,700 deaths from liver cancer have been recorded in the UK in 2017, increasing from 3,200 deaths in 2007, according to the latest figures released on Friday by Cancer Research UK.
Of all cancer types, liver cancer has had the largest increase in death rates between 2007 and 2017, and the most rapid rise in deaths since UK records began, the figures showed.
Liver cancer is one of the hardest cancers to treat, and five-year survival can range from anywhere between six percent and 37 percent depending on age and gender, according to Cancer Research UK.
The disease is difficult to treat mainly because it can be hard to spot at an early stage as it often doesn't cause symptoms until it has progressed.
While there are several factors affecting liver cancer risk, being overweight or obese and smoking are two of the biggest preventable causes. Some 23 percent of liver cancer cases can be linked to being overweight or obese, and 20 percent can be linked to smoking. Overall, around half of cases are preventable, said Cancer Research UK.
Every year, around 5,900 people are diagnosed with liver cancer in the UK, and this number is projected to rise by 38 percent between 2014 and 2035, according to Cancer Research UK.
"A lot of progress has been made saving lives from cancer, but it's worrying to see deaths from liver cancer increasing at such an alarming rate. Far too many lives are being lost, which is why we're funding more research into this area. And aiming to understand more about the biology of the disease to develop better treatments," said Michelle Mitchell, chief executive of Cancer Research UK.
One million Australians with a range of serious mental health conditions are going untreated every year, while the economic toll of mental illness has reached about 180 billion Australian dollars (124 billion U.S. dollars), according to a new report.
The report, compiled by the Productivity Commission and released on Thursday, sheds new light on the depth of the problem of mental illness in Australia, revealing as many as 3.9 million many people suffer from complaints ranging from anxiety and depression, to psychosis and personality disorders.
One in eight visits to the GP (general practitioners) are now related to mental health issues, and mental health presentations at hospital emergency departments have risen by about 70 percent over the past 15 years, the report said.
It estimated there were 3.9 million people in Australia suffering from some form of mental illness, but only 2.9 million were accessing support and services, hence the "missing" million people.
In its detailed examination of mental illness, the commission found it was costing the nation approximately 345 million U.S. dollars a day, and recommended thorough policy amendments in the health system, as well as workplaces, housing and the justice system.
The report emphasises the need for better support for young people.
Productivity Commission Chair Michael Brennan said in a media release, "75 percent of those who develop mental illness first experience symptoms before they turn 25, and mental ill-health in critical schooling and employment years has long lasting effects for not only your job prospects but many aspects of your life. Getting help early is key to prevention and better outcomes."
According to the report, over their lifetime, one in two Australians will be affected by mental ill-health including anxiety and depression and up to a million people don't get the help they need.
"Mental ill-health has huge impacts on people, communities and our economy but mental health is treated as an add-on to the physical health system. This has to change," Brennan said.
St. Louis, Oct 30 (AP/UNB) — Missouri's health department director on Tuesday said he tracked the menstrual cycles of Planned Parenthood patients as part of an effort to identify what the agency says were "failed abortions" at a St. Louis clinic.
Department of Health and Senior Services Director Randall Williams made the revelation during the second day of an administrative hearing to determine whether Missouri's only abortion clinic will lose its license to perform the procedure.
Williams said an investigator made a spreadsheet at his request that included the dates of patients' last periods, The Kansas City Star reported. He said the goal was to find women who needed multiple procedures to complete an abortion.
The head of the St. Louis clinic called the move "deeply disturbing."
"Missouri's top health official, Randall Williams, scrutinized menstrual cycles of women in this state in order to end abortion access," Yamelsie Rodriguez, president and CEO of Reproductive Health Services of Planned Parenthood of the St. Louis Region, said in a statement.
Missouri House Minority Leader Crystal Quade, a Democrat from Springfield, called for an investigation to see if patient privacy was compromised or if laws were broken. She also was critical of Williams' actions.
"State law requires the health department director to be 'of recognized character and integrity,'" Quade said in a statement. "This unsettling behavior calls into question whether Dr. Williams meets that high standard."
The state had moved to revoke the clinic's license in June, citing concerns about a series of "failed abortions," and a lack of cooperation from some of the doctors involved.
While Williams said concerns about the clinic are "grave," he said the issues are "imminently fixable." He believes there are solutions that both the state and Planned Parenthood would agree to that would allow for licensure.
Planned Parenthood says there are no deals on the table.
Wrangling over the license began when an investigator involved in a March inspection of the clinic found that a woman had undergone an abortion that took five attempts to complete. William Koebel, director of the section of the health department responsible for abortion clinic licensing, said Monday that the clinic failed to provide a "complication report" for that incident.
That failure led the health department to launch an investigation of other instances where women were required to undergo multiple procedures before an abortion was completed, Koebel said.
As part of that investigation, the state obtained medical records of women who had abortions at the clinic. They found four women who required multiple procedures, including one where the physician apparently missed that a woman was pregnant with twins. The woman underwent two procedures five weeks apart.
Planned Parenthood officials contend the state "cherry-picked" a handful of difficult cases out of thousands of otherwise successful abortions. They have accused the state of using the licensing process as a tool to eliminate abortions in Missouri, saying the state is among several conservative-led states seeking to end abortion through tough new laws and tighter restrictions.
The Administrative Hearing Commission isn't expected to rule on the licensing issue until February at the earliest. In the meantime, the clinic remains open.
Missouri would become the first state since 1974, the year after the Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade decision, without a functioning abortion clinic if the license is revoked.
Missouri is among several states to pass new restrictions on abortions in the hope that the increasingly conservative U.S. Supreme Court will eventually overturn Roe v. Wade. Gov. Mike Parson, a Republican, signed legislation in May banning abortions at or beyond eight weeks of pregnancy, with exceptions for medical emergencies but not for rape or incest. The law is on hold while a legal challenge plays out in court.
While the Missouri case unfolded, Planned Parenthood quietly built a new abortion clinic in Illinois, just across the Mississippi River from St. Louis, in part to meet demand from Missouri residents. The clinic in Fairview Heights opened Wednesday.
Missouri women have been increasingly getting abortions at the Hope Clinic for Women in Granite City, Illinois, another St. Louis suburb. Deputy Director Alison Dreith said 58% of the abortions performed at the Hope Clinic through August of this year involved Missouri women, compared with 37% involving Illinois women.
Another abortion clinic sits in Overland Park, Kansas, a Kansas City suburb. The clinic is 2 miles (3 kilometers) from the state line. Information from the state of Kansas shows about 3,300 of the 7,000 abortions performed there last year involved Missouri residents.
Chicago, Oct. 26 (Xinhua/UNB) -- A new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggests obesity may increase arthritis risk not only in obese people but in their children and grandchildren, too.
The researchers analyzed more than 120 mice whose parents had consumed a high-fat diet, and found that the offspring, despite having eaten a low-fat diet, were significantly heavier and had more body fat than the offspring of mice that hadn't consumed a high-fat diet.
When those mice had pups, the grandchildren of the original mice, that third generation of mice tended to gain nearly 20 percent more weight than the offspring of their littermates that had never been overweight. In addition, they were at higher risk for arthritis. The same was true for the next generation of mice as well, which gained up to 10 percent more weight.
And the grandchildren also had higher levels of inflammatory molecules and cells in their systems than their littermates, despite never having been fed a high-fat diet. Higher amounts of those molecules, called cytokines, are linked to a variety of problems, including arthritis.
In fact, the third-generation mice had higher levels of molecules that cause inflammation, and lower levels of molecules that protect against inflammation. The children and grandchildren of the obese mice in the study also were more likely to have bone and cartilage changes that put them at risk for osteoarthritis.
"We can't assume everything we found in these mice will turn out to be true for people," said first author Natalia S. Harasymowicz, a postdoctoral fellow at the university. "But there's more and more evidence that when parents eat a bad diet or smoke or abuse alcohol, the next generation is more likely to inherit a predisposition for diabetes, cancer or other diseases."
"We've known for years that obesity is the No. 1 preventable risk factor for osteoarthritis," said senior investigator Farshid Guilak, a professor of orthopedic surgery. "It turns out, however, that obesity also increases arthritis risk in body parts that don't bear weight, like the hand or the thumb."
"What we find is that changes in mechanical loading that occur with obesity don't seem to be the primary risk factors for arthritis," he said. "Almost all of the risk is coming from either metabolic or dietary influences, and that risk is then passed down to subsequent generations."
"Poor diet and bad habits may affect not only the individual who has such habits but also future generations," Harasymowicz said. "However, recognizing that potential risk may convince people to take steps to be healthier and to reduce their weight, potentially lowering risks for their children and grandchildren."
Arthritis affects one in five Americans. But according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, that number jumps to one in three among people with obesity.
The study is published online in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatology on Thursday.