Canberra, July 4 (Xinhua/UNB) -- Smoking is killing 17 Australians every day through preventable heart attacks and other cardiovascular conditions, a study has found.
The most in-depth study of its kind by a team from Australian National University (ANU) found that smokers have triple the risk of dying from cardiovascular risk and double the risk of suffering a heart attack, stroke or heart failure.
The research team, led by Emily Banks from ANU's National Center for Epidemiology and Population Health, tracked 190,000 Australian smokers and non-smokers for 36 different types of cardiovascular disease over seven years.
They found that smoking causes more than 6,400 preventable deaths from cardiovascular diseases alone every year.
"That includes investigating the risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure, heart muscle disease, rhythm problems, and gangrene in Australians from every walk of life: men, women, city, country, rich, poor," she said in a media release on Thursday.
"We found there is nowhere to run, nowhere to hide. Smoking causes terrible harm across the board."
Smoking is also responsible for 11,4000 coronary heart hospitalizations per year - the equivalent of 31 per day.
"There are around 2.7 million smokers in Australia today," Banks said.
"If a smoker has a heart attack or a stroke, it is more likely than not that it was caused by smoking."
According to the study, people who smoke as few as five cigarettes per day have twice the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease; a finding that Banks described as "extremely alarming."
However, it did find that quitting smoking significantly reduces a person's risk of heart attacks and stroke.
"Quitting at any age provides a whole host of health and other benefits and quitting by age 45 avoids about 90 per cent of the cardiovascular risks of smoking," Sarah White, Director of Quit Victoria, said.
"And if you are a light or social smoker who thinks 'just a few' won't hurt, this study really shows you're kidding yourself that it's not doing damage."
Dhaka, Jul 3 (UNB) - If you are a tea lover, then you probably know that ‘adrak wali chai’ is the most refreshing drink ever invented. It relaxes your senses and energises you at the same time. Other than its calming properties, ginger has been known to have a lot of health benefits, reports the Indian Express.
Researchers from the University of Sydney found that ginger can help manage high levels of blood sugar which in turn creates complications for long-term diabetic patients. “Ginger extracts obtained from Buderim Ginger were able to increase the uptake of glucose into muscle cells independently of insulin,” professor of pharmaceutical chemistry Basil Roufogalis who led the research said in a statement.
But it’s not just restricted to diabetes, here are some other health benefits of ginger:
Studies in the past have shown that ginger promotes digestion, has anti-inflammatory properties and increases metabolism. It promotes a feeling of fullness and also helps gut related inflammation and enhances nutrient absorption.
If you suffer from nausea, then chewing a piece of raw ginger can be beneficial. Also, drinking a cup of ginger tea before travelling can help prevent nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness.
Helps fight cold and flu
Ginger is diaphoretic which means that it promotes sweating and makes the body warm from within. While suffering from cold, ginger can be of great help.
Improves blood circulation
The vitamins, minerals and amino acids in ginger tea can help restore and improve blood circulation that may help decrease the chance of cardiovascular problems. Ginger may prevent fat from depositing in the arteries, thereby helping to prevent heart attacks and stroke.
Relieves menstrual cramps
This one is for all women suffering from menstrual cramps. Try soaking a towel in warm ginger water and apply it to your lower abdomen. It may help relieve the pain and relax the muscles. At the same time, drink a cup of ginger tea with honey.
Dhaka, Jul 3 (UNB) - Obesity now causes more cases of four common cancers in the UK than smoking, according to a charity, reports the BBC.
Cancer Research UK says bowel, kidney, ovarian and liver cancers are more likely to have been caused by being overweight than by smoking tobacco.
It says millions are at risk of cancer because of their weight and that obese people outnumber smokers two to one.
But its new billboard campaign highlighting the obesity-cancer risk has been criticised for fat-shaming.
It is not the first time the charity has been accused of fat-shaming.
In February, comedian and campaigner Sofie Hagen took to Twitter to criticise the campaign.
One Twitter user, @KenLynch73, said linking obesity with cigarette-style branding was a new low.
Cancer Research UK says it is not about blaming people for being overweight.
Nor is it suggesting that smoking and obesity are directly comparable in terms of cancer risk. Both increase a person's risk.
Smoking remains the UK's leading preventable cause of cancer overall. Obesity ranks second, says Cancer Research UK.
But while smoking rates are decreasing, obesity is increasing, which health experts agree is concerning.
About a third of UK adults are obese.
In the UK, there are about:
13.4 million obese adults who do not smoke
6.3 million adult smokers who are not obese
1.5 million obese adult smokers
While the link between obesity and cancer is well established, the biological mechanisms behind it are not yet fully understood.
Fat cells make extra hormones and growth factors that tell cells in the body to divide more often. This increases the chance of cancerous cells being made.
Physical activity probably plays a role too, experts say.
Being overweight or obese does not mean a person will definitely develop cancer but it does raise their risk.
And this risk is higher the more weight a person gains and the longer they are overweight for.
According to Cancer Research UK, 13 different cancers are linked to obesity: • breast (in women after the menopause) • bowel • pancreatic • oesophageal (food pipe) • liver • kidney • upper stomach • gallbladder • womb • ovarian • thyroid • multiple myeloma (blood cancer) • meningioma (brain cancer)
The link between obesity and cancer is in adults only, although a healthy weight is important for children too.
Each year in the UK, the charity says, excess weight causes about:
1,900 more cases of bowel cancer than smoking
1,400 more cases of kidney cancer
460 more cases of ovarian cancer
180 more cases of liver cancer
Prof Linda Bauld, Cancer Research UK's prevention expert, said the government should do more to tackle the UK's obesity problem.
The government had been slow to restrict unhealthy food and drink ads, the British Medical Association said.
"While we are very much aware of the health risks associated with smoking, less effort has been thrown behind tackling obesity, which is now a major cause of cancer," it said,
NHS England chief executive Simon Stevens said: "The NHS can't win the 'battle against the bulge' on its own.
"Families, food businesses and government all need to play their part if we're to avoid copying America's damaging and costly example."
Atlanta, Jul 3 (AP/UNB) — Atlanta's city council has approved a far-reaching ban on smoking and vaping in restaurants and bars — and potentially one of the world's busiest airports.
City council members approved the ban Monday, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution reported . It covers cigarettes, cigars and electronic cigarettes. If signed by the mayor, it would take effect on Jan. 2, 2020.
Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is one of the few major U.S. hubs where people can still smoke inside designated rooms.
Most of the busiest airports in the U.S. ban smoking in all indoor areas, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in a 2017 report .
Denver International Airport last year closed the last of its indoor smoking lounges and is now smoke-free indoors. Others with total bans on smoking indoors include O'Hare International Airport in Chicago; Los Angeles International Airport; Dallas Fort Worth International Airport; and Charlotte Douglas International Airport in North Carolina.
As of Jan. 2, 2019, all but five of the 35 busiest U.S. airports were completely smoke-free indoors, according to the American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation . Those still allowing smoking in designated places inside included Dulles International Airport near Washington D.C., along with airports in Atlanta; Las Vegas; and Nashville, Tennessee.
In Atlanta, some tobacco and vape stores, private clubs and cigar bars would be exempt from the ban, the Journal-Constitution reported. So it wasn't immediately clear whether the ban would apply to all of the businesses inside Atlanta's airport.
Atlanta's airport will fully comply with the ordinance, and the current smoking rooms inside Atlanta's airport "will be converted to other spaces," airport spokesman Andrew Gobeil said in an email to The Associated Press on Tuesday.
In 2016, Atlanta city officials solicited bids for a project to convert nine of the airport smoking rooms into cigar shops. The shops would be designed so that people could smoke cigars and cigarettes inside the shops for an entry fee or minimum purchase price, according to city documents. However, that bidding process was later canceled, the city's website shows.
Dhaka, July 2 (UNB) - Pregnant women with migraine have an increased risk of miscarriage, caesarean sections and giving birth to a child with low birth weight, a study has found, reports The Indian Express.
Researchers at Aarhus University in Denmark worked with 22,000 pregnant women with migraine. They were compared with an approximately 10 times larger group of pregnant women without known migraine.
The study, published in the journal Headache, suggests that the risk of caesarean sections is between 15-25 per cent higher for pregnant women with migraine compared with pregnant women without migraine. Around 20 per cent of all births in Denmark are by caesarean section.
The researchers have also used the same data to deduce that migraine medication possibly prevents some of the complications.
“The study was not specifically designed to examine this aspect. However, we show that the risk of complications generally was lower for pregnant women with migraine who took medication when compared with the pregnant women with migraines who were not treated,” said Nils Skajaa of Aarhus University.
“This also indicates that the migraine medication isn’t the cause of the complications, but rather the migraine itself. This is important knowledge for pregnant women with migraines,” Skajaa added.
Migraines are relatively common and affect twice as many women as men.
The actual cause remains unknown, but previous research suggests that migraines may be triggered by stress, fatigue, or hormonal changes such as pregnancy.