Though the cyclone Amphan badly affected coastal districts of Bangladesh, Bhasan Char Island remains unaffected amid concerns raised by the international community, says Foreign Minister Dr AK Abdul Momen.
"To some extent, we had fear too. But nothing happened there though there were questions that it will be flooded," he said on Friday from his residence.
He said there are two strong dams around Bhasan Char - first one is 10-12 feet while the second one is 33 feet.
"Nobody has a headache of over 16 crore people of Bangladesh but only concerned about 306 Rohingyas who were shifted to Bhasan Char and those who are in the camps," Dr Momen said, apparently expressing displeasure regarding some over-concerned diplomats.
In a stinging rebuke, Foreign Minister Momen said the opposition of foreign aid agencies to the government’s scheme of relocating the Rohingya refugee population to Bhasan Char is not in the interests of the distressed population.
More importantly, the Foreign Minister indicated the Rohingyas themselves stood to turn around their miserable camp existence in Bhasan Char, located in Hatiya upazila 37 miles from the coast.
"If Rohingyas go to Bhasan Char, they can do the same things there that they used to do in Rakhine State. They can do economic activities like fishing, cattle farming and agricultural activities," Dr Momen said, speaking from his residence.
He said Bhasan Char is a nice place that offers many ‘opportunities’ - something almost unheard of in the camps.
He said some 500 fishermen took shelter at Bhasan Char during cyclone Bulbul last time.
"It's a lovely resort-like place. It's a beautiful Island. There is fresh water lake. People from across the world would go there for pleasure trip if this Bhasan Char was located in Italy or USA," said the Foreign Minister.
Fortify Rights, an international NGO that advocates for Rohingyas’ rights, recently said Bangladesh authorities are currently holding in quarantine at least 300 Rohingyas on Bhasan Char.
“The government should do everything in its power to prevent an outbreak," said Matthew Smith, Chief Executive Officer at Fortify Rights. “Bhasan Char is not a viable option for any COVID-19 response.”
Referring to his recent meeting with European Union Ambassador to Bangladesh Rensje Teerink, Dr Momen said he urged the Ambassador to take Rohingyas to their countries if they want to give them better life.
On May 20, Foreign Minister Dr Momen held a meeting through videoconferencing with Ambassadors of Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the European Union Delegation in Dhaka.
On the issue of the concern of COVID19 being spread in the Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar, Dr Momen assured the Ambassadors that the Government is taking all necessary steps to ensure that the pandemic is contained, and there is minimal spread of COVID19 in the Rohingya camps.
The government of Bangladesh has developed Bhasan Char, an island that appeared in the Bay of Bengal just over a decade ago, to accommodate some 1,00,000 Rohingyas there initially.
Aid Agencies Unhappy
"Aid agencies are very unhappy. They cited communication problem," the Foreign Minister said, adding these agencies could in that case spend the funds to introduce the better communication and transport services they require. as they have no fund crisis.
The Foreign Minister said Rohingyas are living in very congested camps and they have to worry about landslides during rainy season. "If anybody dies, blame falls on our shoulder."
He said all countries and rights bodies look to Bangladesh whenever is a problem in the Andaman Sea or Indian Ocean (of stranded Rohingyas at sea).
"As if we have sheltered 1.1 million Rohingyas and we will have to give shelter to others, too," he said.
The Foreign Minister reiterated that Bangladesh has no space to accommodate more Rohingyas, and that other countries also have the responsibility to share the burden.
"Rohingya crisis is not our problem, it's a global problem. Those countries which always advise us can take Rohingyas. They have no space crisis," Dr Momen said.
Dr Momen assured that the Government would always protect the Rohingyas who have taken shelter in Bangladesh. In this regard, he stressed that providing shelter to Rohingyas was not the responsibility of Bangladesh alone.
Dr Momen called upon the Ambassadors to share the burden of providing better life and living for persecuted Rohingyas in their own countries or relocate and settle them in third countries.
He said almost three years have passed and although Myanmar agreed to take them back, not a single Rohingya went back home yet.
Dr Momen appealed to them to exert more pressure for their safe repatriation to Myanmar. The EU Ambassadors reiterated their appreciation for the humanitarian gesture by Bangladesh for the cause of the Rohingyas.
Dr. Momen reiterated that EU members are Bangladesh's long standing reliable development partners and if they have any issue, they are most welcome to share those with the government.
However, he reminded them that Bangladesh per capita income is around 2000 US dollars with a density of population around 1200 per sq. mile.
Bangladesh's situation is different to that of the EU where their per capita income is around 50,000 dollars and density of population is as low as 15 per sq. mile, Dr Momen said. "Therefore, one must be pragmatic."
On the issue of cell phone network in the Rohingya camps, Dr. Momen explained that the functionaries would be able to access the internet and 4G services from their offices and accommodations. For security reasons; to stop drug trafficking, to stop trafficking of women and children, provoking people to create lawlessness and to stop Blue films, the government has to downgrade 4G services in the Camp area.
However, they have 2G services which is enough for day to day communications. Moreover, for 4G facility, Rohingyas cannot afford to buy the Cell phone sets as these are 5 to 10 times more expensive vis-a-vis 2G cell phone sets.
Foreign Minister thanked the European countries for the support, and emphasised that it is important to ensure transparency and accountability of the aid activities carried out by the development partners.
They should disclose publicly their spending so that tax-payers know where their tax money is being spent, he said.