The gaming industry has grown hand in hand with the technological advancements of the world and has become a more accepted pastime than ever before. With a plethora of consoles and games to choose from, gamers have enough choices to find their own way to satisfy their desire for active immersion. Handheld gaming devices specifically have been around since the 90s and First Person Shooters (FPS) are equally as old. But when putting the two together, we have ourselves a unique blend that hasn’t been explored much until recently. More so when your mobile phone can hold its own as a viable gaming platform these days. But how well does FPS fair against other platforms and is it really worth it?
We’ve seen MOBAs, RPGs and even fighting games make it to the mobile platform by customising their interface to suit the phone’s specs and each genre has had a mainstay or two that became instant hits - FPS however, is another beast altogether. First of all, monumental classics like Call Of Duty, Halo and Doom have set the standard of quality FPS games and they began with barebones mechanics from the 90s and early 2000s. It was revolutionary at a time, but the genre has evolved so much since. The aforementioned titles are still pumping out games till today and have had no choice to improve and introduce new mechanics to stay relevant with the market.
With games being stripped down considerably to complement mobile spec, some could argue that it’s too much of a compromise for the slightly more hardcore audience. Frame rate, ping and hit registration are integral components that make FPS one of the top genres today, and many mobile games miss the mark on this. Even with perfect internet, lag is inevitable on any platform, but mobile devices have possibly faced this the worst without many solutions. Server sizes depend on the specific title, but usually face issues of overcrowding and bug clutter.
A strong case to support this is that both consoles and certain PCs were designed for gaming: with the average consumer spoilt for choices, compared to mobile devices that strive to share the same purpose. With this, comes hardware issues that fans this flame. Even though all platforms have the potential to overheat, the mobile phone does not have a reliable cooling system to help it cope with ceaseless hours of activity. This overheating problem becomes even more taxing when living off battery support too. Given, gaming laptops suffer the same fate but the gaming models were built for the purpose of handling intensive applications that games naturally are.
On a more technical standpoint, PCs dominate in this genre; having a far larger settings option that allows players to customize their sensitivity, have access to the largest keybind options and much much more. With the more flexible “WASD” movement and the most flexible methods of precise crosshair placement; it is clear that this platform is the most competitive for players out there. Console players have a competitive scene too, but usually houses more casual players in their servers. This is where we start finding common ground between consoles and mobile. Eight-directional movement is a common similarity between both platforms and tends to use the thumb for aiming too. This means that the likes of tracking and technique for lining up your shots are more similar than not. The mobile phone may not match the feel of an actual controller, but there are undoubtedly some transitional traits.
The mobile platform’s distinctive strength lies in its portability. When gathering with friends, travelling or even arriving at your next destination too early - this will give you an immediate gaming experience that requires minimal updates and swift start up. The platform also leans more towards free to pay interactions with a loot system, but PC games like Valorant and Counterstrike still pose a threat.
Even if the mobile platform is beaten in pretty much every way from a technical standpoint, its ability to be played anywhere while having a similar control scheme to consoles makes it an actual contender. Verdict: If you are a casual gamer who doesn’t live by the meta, this is going to be a fine pick. But if you want to genuinely level up and play on the most competitive level, mobile should be the last platform on your list.
China launched an ambitious mission on Tuesday to bring back rocks and debris from the moon’s surface for the first time in more than 40 years — an undertaking that could boost human understanding of the moon and of the solar system more generally.
Chang’e 5 — named for the Chinese moon goddess — is the country’s boldest lunar mission yet. If successful, it would be a major advance for China’s space program, and some experts say it could pave the way for bringing samples back from Mars or even a crewed lunar mission.
The four modules of the Chang’e 5 spacecraft blasted off at just after 4:30 a.m. Tuesday (2030 GMT Monday, 3:30 p.m. EST Monday) atop a massive Long March-5Y rocket from the Wenchang launch center along the coast of the southern island province of Hainan.
Minutes after liftoff, the spacecraft separated from the rocket’s first and second stages and slipped into Earth-moon transfer orbit. About an hour later, Chang’e 5 opened its solar panels to provide its independent power source.
Spacecraft typically take three days to reach the moon.
The launch was carried live by national broadcaster CCTV which then switched to computer animation to show its progress into outer space.
The mission’s key task is to drill 2 meters (almost 7 feet) beneath the moon’s surface and scoop up about 2 kilograms (4.4 pounds) of rocks and other debris to be brought back to Earth, according to NASA. That would offer the first opportunity for scientists to study newly obtained lunar material since the American and Russian missions of the 1960s and 1970s.
The Chang’e 5 lander’s time on the moon is scheduled to be short and sweet. It can only stay one lunar daytime, or about 14 Earth days, because it lacks the radioisotope heating units to withstand the moon’s freezing nights.
The lander will dig for materials with its drill and robotic arm and transfer them to what’s called an ascender, which will lift off from the moon and dock with the service capsule. The materials will then be moved to the return capsule to be hauled back to Earth.
The technical complexity of Chang’e 5, with its four components, makes it “remarkable in many ways,” said Joan Johnson-Freese, a space expert at the U.S. Naval War College.
“China is showing itself capable of developing and successfully carrying out sustained high-tech programs, important for regional influence and potentially global partnerships,” she said.
In particular, the ability to collect samples from space is growing in value, said Jonathan McDowell, an astronomer at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Other countries planning to retrieve material from asteroids or even Mars may look to China’s experience, he said.
While the mission is “indeed challenging,” McDowell said China has already landed twice on the moon with its Chang’e 3 and Chang’e 4 missions, and showed with a 2014 Chang’e 5 test mission that it can navigate back to Earth, re-enter and land a capsule. All that’s left is to show it can collect samples and take off again from the moon.
“As a result of this, I’m pretty optimistic that China can pull this off,” he said.
The mission is among China’s boldest since it first put a man in space in 2003, becoming only the third nation to do so after the U.S. and Russia.
Chang’e 5 and future lunar missions aim to “provide better technical support for future scientific and exploration activities,” Pei Zhaoyu, mission spokesperson and deputy director of the Chinese National Space Administration’s Lunar Exploration and Space Engineering Center told reporters at a Monday briefing.
“Scientific needs and technical and economic conditions” would determine whether China decides to send a crewed mission to the moon, said Pei, whose comments were embargoed until after the launch. “I think future exploration activities on the moon are most likely to be carried out in a human-machine combination.”
While many of China’s crewed spaceflight achievements, including building an experimental space station and conducting a spacewalk, reproduce those of other countries from years past, the CNSA is now moving into new territory.
Chang’e 4 — which made the first soft landing on the moon’s relatively unexplored far side almost two years ago — is currently collecting full measurements of radiation exposure from the lunar surface, information vital for any country that plans to send astronauts to the moon.
China in July became one of three countries to have launched a mission to Mars, in China’s case an orbiter and a rover that will search for signs of water on the red planet. The CNSA says the spacecraft Tianwen 1 is on course to arrive at Mars around February.
China has increasingly engaged with foreign countries on missions, and the European Space Agency will be providing important ground station information for Chang’e 5.
U.S. law, however, still prevents most collaborations with NASA, excluding China from partnering with the International Space Station. That has prompted China to start work on its own space station and launch its own programs that have put it in a steady competition with Japan and India, among Asian nations seeking to notch new achievements in space.
China’s space program has progressed cautiously, with relatively few setbacks in recent years. The rocket being used for the current launch failed on a previous launch attempt, but has since performed without a glitch, including launching Chang’e 4.
“China works very incrementally, developing building blocks for long-term use for a variety of missions,” Freese-Johnson said. China’s one-party authoritarian system also allows for “prolonged political will that is often difficult in democracies,” she said.
While the U.S. has followed China’s successes closely, it’s unlikely to expand cooperation with China in space amid political suspicions, a sharpening military rivalry and accusations of Chinese theft of technology, experts say.
“A change in U.S. policy regarding space cooperation is unlikely to get much government attention in the near future,” Johnson-Freese said.
Throughout the year 2020, reputed Smartphone manufacturing brands have produced a bunch of mind-blowing phones under affordable, midrange, and flagship categories. And, the last month of this year won’t be an exception. In the approaching December month, a number of exciting phones are going to be released under diverse price ranges. Are you waiting to buy a Smartphone soon? Check out this article, to know the top upcoming phones in December 2020.
After the ground-breaking success of the Samsung Galaxy A51 in 2019, the company is releasing its successor A52. This new hotshot phone is coming with the Qualcomm Snapdragon 750G platform. The rumor says that A52 would bear a 6.67-inch super AMOLED panel with Full HD Plus resolution. The RAM capacity may range from 4GB to 8GB depending upon variants. The internal storage would be 128GB.
On the front-screen of A52, there would be an Infinity-O cutout designed selfie camera. In its quad-rear camera series, you would find a 64MP prime camera that is a significant up-gradation from the ancestor A51’s 48MP shooter. This phone will run through One UI 3.0 on top of Android 11 OS. And, the more amazing news is that A52 would get the next 3 major Android OS upgrades.
The estimated price range of A52 would be around $400 or BDT BDT 33,887 (@ $1=BDT 84.72). Let’s see whether Galaxy A52 can break the record of its ancestor best-seller A51.
Are you waiting for a camera-centric Smartphone? Don’t miss the Oppo Reno 5! This phone is coming with a 6.43-inch AMOLED display with Full HD plus resolution. Like the ancestor Oppo phones, Reno 5 will inherit a trendy outlook. The leaks indicate that Reno 5 is appearing with a glass back and aluminum frame built structure.
This phone is going to be launched in 3 types of processor variants. Those are Snapdragon 865, MediaTek Dimensity 1000+, and Snapdragon 765G chipsets. Starting from 8GB, the RAM capacity of Reno 5 can range up to 12GB. Depending upon variants, here you may get 128 GB to 256 GB of internal storage with UFS 2.1 data transfer technology.
On the rear camera series, Reno 5 would bear a 64MP primary camera. On the front side, this Oppo phone rocks with a 32MP selfie sensor. This gadget would be powered with a 4300mAh battery with a 65W fast charging unit. The probable price of Oppo Reno 5 is $460 or BDT 38,970 (@ $1=BDT 84.72).
Like the predecessor Smartphone Vivo V20, the upcoming V20 ‘Pro’ version is going to win the heart of Vivo fans with fascinating features. The successor ‘Pro’ version is coming with some upgrades. In the processor section of V20 Pro, the company is offering Qualcomm Snapdragon’s 765G chipset that is a noticeable advancement from the ancestor V20’s 720G processor. If you are looking for a gaming Smartphone, wait for the Vivo V20 pro.
In the ‘Pro’ version, you get 8GB RAM and 128 GB of internal storage, which we have also seen in the basic V20 model. According to the leaks, the camera specifications of the Pro version would be similar to its basic version. The expected price of the V20 Pro is about BDT 42000.
The prominent Smartphone brand realme has released several popular phones this year. It is rumored that realme is launching another phone realme 7 5G in the upcoming December month. In this phone, realme will provide 6.5-inch IPS LCD display with a Full HD resolution. This phone would surprise the fans with an amazing refresh rate of 120Hz. Unlike the ancestor realme phones, the latest realme 7 5G is coming with a MediaTek Dimensity 800U chipset.
The leaks say that realme 7G would bear a 48MP prime rear sensor with a 16MP selfie shooter. This phone would be blessed with an exclusive feature called ‘Cinema mode’ offering a UIS Max video stabilization option. There would be 6 to 8GB RAM with 128GB of internal storage capacity. This phone maintains the standard of realme with a 5000mAh battery and 30W Dart charging support. This phone may cost around 24,400 Rs. or BDT 28,113 (@1Rs= BDT 1.14).
The Infinix phones tend to outdo the pricier competitors with fascinating features keeping the price range under an affordable range. In this legacy, Infinix Zero 8 is going to compete with the other hotshot phones in December. If you are planning to buy a value-for-money phone with trendy features, wait for the Infinix Zero 8. This phone is coming with an IPS LCD display with Full HD resolution and a 90Hz refresh rate.
With MediaTek Helio G90T chipset, Zero 8 would offer reliable performance in moderate level gaming. Here you get a 64MP quad rear camera set up. What would make Infinix Zero 8 stand out from competitors is the dual selfie camera set up. Zero 8 is blessed with a 44MP primary selfie sensor with an 8MP wide-angle selfie shooter. This phone would be provided with a 4500 mAh battery with a 33W charger. This phone would cost around 14,999 Rs. or BDT 17,142 (@1 Rs.= BDT 1.14).
While the unofficial phones are on the verge of getting banned in Bangladesh, we have no other choice but to look into the market of official phones. The local brands like Walton are producing value for money phones. The Walton Primo series phones have already gained huge popularity for offering standard features under affordable price ranges. Today we are going to review the Walton Primo RM4. If you are looking for a standard official phone around 10000, don’t miss it!
Walton Primo RM4 comes with a big display and a massive battery that would definitely bestow huge user-benefits, but it also makes this phone bulky. On the backside, you would find the triple rear camera setup and a fingerprint sensor. The design of camera housing represents the classic Walton design.
The power button and volume rocker lie on the right side. The triple-slot SIM card tray is placed on the left side that can accommodate a dual SIM card and an external memory card. On the top edge, it has a 3.5mm headphone jack. The bottom edge bears a micro USB charging port, speaker grill, and primary microphone.
Walton Primo RM4 has a 6.5-inch IPS INCELL capacitive touch screen display featuring 2.5D glass. The resolution of this display is about 1600 by 720 pixels with an aspect ratio of 19:5:9. This HD plus display and the large screen would be very helpful for attaining virtual classes, meetings, or seminars.
The chin area is wide which is acceptable in this budget range. The touch response performs well. Though the display’s color vibrancy seems a bit washed out, its viewing angles are pleasant. Under the direct sunlight, you may struggle a bit to see the contents on the display of this Smartphone. But overall, the display performs fine.
Walton Primo RM4 is equipped with an octa-core processor featuring Cortex architecture A53 with the utmost clock speed of 1.8GHz. The CPU carries the MediaTek Helio A25 12nm SoC. In the graphic unit, RM4 is provided with the POWERVR Rogue GE 8320 GPU.
In this phone, you will get 4GB of RAM with 64 GB of eMMC internal storage capacity. You can extend the memory up to 256 GB by inserting a memory card. Considering the budget, Walton has provided a good configuration in its Primo RM4 phone. Now let’s turn to its performance.
The processor is good for regular work and multi-tasking. In this latest Primo phone, Walton offers the Android 10 OS. You may experience some stuttering while opening the heavy app or software. It can perform smoothly if you apply lighter apps and software. RM4 delivers average audio quality and loudspeaker performance. The fingerprint sensor may take some time to read and open the phone.
You may know that Helio A25 is an entry-level ARM chipset that is not efficient for heavy-duty gaming like PUBG, COD, etc. But don’t worry! The powerful 4GB RAM capacity strengthens the performance of the processor in this phone. You can comfortably play 2D games on this Primo RM4 Smartphone.
Walton Primo RM4 presents a triple rear camera (13MP + 5MP + Depth cam) setup with an 8MP front camera. We have seen the same camera configuration in the ancestor H9 Primo phone which came with a lower price tag.
Its 13MP f/2.0 prime rear camera is built with the SONY sensor. Under a proper daylight situation, you can capture some good photos. But the sharpness and color punches may seem a bit artificial. The 5MP ultra-wide sensor offers average performance considering the budget. But the performance of its 0.3MP depth sensor is not satisfactory.
On the front side, RM4 has an 8MP f/2.2 camera built with the SONY sensor. The captured images may display color saturation, and some of the highlighted areas may be washed out by light, but the skin tone of the subjects seems close to natural. Applying some photographic skills, you can capture satisfactory photos.
Walton Primo RM4 is blessed with a massive battery of 5950mAh. If you use moderately, it can give around 2 days of back up. According to the battery test data, RM4 features 61 days for standby, or 49 hours of talk time, or 48 hours of music playback, or 25 hours of web browsing, or 22 hours of video playback after a single charge session. You can’t expect more from a low budget Smartphone.
Another amazing feature of this battery monster phone is its Reverse charging mechanism that facilitates you to recharge another device at the moment of necessity. Certainly, it is a great advantage for both the professionals as well as the travelers who stay out-door for long hours.
Walton Primo RM4 (4GB/64GB) is available at BDT 10,599. The price may change depending upon the circumstances.
Walton Primo RM4 is a budget Smartphone offering a big display, massive battery, powerful RAM, and adequate internal storage. However, the processor and camera section could have been better. This phone can be a good pick for senior citizens who are looking for a reliable phone for regular tasks. For attaining an online classroom, RM4 can be handy for the students. The professionals can also keep this phone as a secondary device.
Two drugmakers, Pfizer and Moderna, have announced promising interim results for their vaccine candidates, raising hopes that the end of the pandemic may be in sight. But, if and when the vaccines are authorized by the Food and Drug Administration, distributing them presents a daunting challenge, reports NPR.
One of the front-runners in the vaccine race — the one made by Pfizer — needs to be kept extremely cold: minus 70 degrees Celsius, which is colder than winter in Antarctica. Moderna has said that its vaccine needs to be frozen too, but only at minus 20 Celsius, more like a regular freezer.
Since there will be limited vaccine doses at first, immunization managers across the country will need to have plans to distribute any and all vaccine doses that are available. For months, they've been puzzling over the particular challenges presented by the Pfizer vaccine, which requires these ultra-cold conditions.
"I believe it can be done," said Debra Kristensen, a 30-year veteran of vaccine innovation and supply chains at PATH, an international nonprofit focused on public health, to NPR. "Ebola vaccine, for example, was successfully used in a few African countries and also required this ultra-cold chain storage."
Distributing vaccines in these conditions "is possible, but it's definitely going to be much more expensive and more difficult," she says. Pfizer has tried to calm concerns about the challenges presented by these cold temperatures. It has designed its own packaging to keep doses super cold with dry ice, so that they can be stored for a few weeks without specialized freezers (the packaging has been informally nicknamed "the pizza box").
Moderna's vaccine, Kristensen explains, "can be distributed in more of a standard fashion — health workers are used to it, facilities are used to it — it's more normal."
Here's some background on why these vaccines need to be kept so cold — and how they differ.
Both the Moderna and Pfizer vaccine candidates use a new approach to unlock the body's immune defenses. The approach uses messenger RNA, or mRNA, to turn a patient's cells into factories that make one particular coronavirus protein.
That protein kicks off an immune response as if there was a real coronavirus infection (to be clear, since it's only one virus protein, there's no way the vaccine could actually infect someone or make them sick with COVID-19). Then, if someone who was immunized gets exposed to the coronavirus later on, their body's immune system will be able to fight it off more easily and they're more likely to avoid serious illness.
It's a vaccine technology that's so new, no mRNA vaccines have ever been approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
Vaccines made from mRNA can be made much faster than older vaccines could, explains Margaret Liu, a vaccine researcher who chairs the board of the International Society for Vaccines and specializes in genetic vaccines, to NPR. The problem, says Liu, is that mRNA is "really easily destroyed, and that's because there are many, many enzymes that will just break it apart."
Here's an analogy: Think of the vaccine as a chocolate bar that melts easily. Just as there are ways to keep the chocolate from melting into goo, there are things the drugmakers did to protect their COVID-19 vaccines.
The first step, Liu says, was to modify the mRNA nucleosides — the "building blocks" of the RNA vaccine. "They've used modified versions because those are more stable," she says. This would be like changing the chocolate recipe so it's not quite so melty.
The next step was to use lipid nanoparticles, which, Liu explains, "is kind of like putting your chocolate inside a candy coating — you have an M&M, so the chocolate doesn't melt."
But even with the stabilized building blocks and lipid coating, the mRNA could still fall apart easily, which is why the vaccine is frozen.
"Everything happens more slowly as you lower the temperature," Liu says. "So your chemical reactions — the enzymes that break down RNA — are going to happen more slowly." It's the same idea as freezing food to keep it from spoiling.
Because the specific formulations are secret, Liu says, it's not clear exactly why these two mRNA vaccines have different temperature requirements.
"It just comes down to what their data is," she says of Moderna's vaccine. "If their data shows that it's more stable at a certain temperature, that's it."
Moderna spokesperson Colleen Hussey explained to NPR in an email that its vaccine doesn't need to be kept so cold because of its particular "lipid nanoparticle properties and structure," and because the company has learned from experience — it's developed ten mRNA vaccine candidates already. "Now we don't need [ultra-cold conditions] as the quality of product has improved and [it] doesn't need to be highly frozen to avoid mRNA degradation," Hussey explained.
It's possible that Pfizer's vaccine could eventually be shown to be stable in somewhat warmer conditions — or for longer times out of the freezer.
To figure out a vaccine's temperature requirements, drugmakers do extensive, time-consuming thermostability studies.
That research involves keeping the vaccine "at other temperatures to see how much you can stress the system," explains Liu. She says you would start at ultra-cold temperatures, then try regular freezer temperature, then refrigerator temperature, and finally room temperature.
You might also put the vaccine at fluctuating temperatures "to sort of mimic what would happen if [a vaccine shipment] got left on a loading dock and something went wrong," Liu says.
Then drugmakers have to analyze the vaccine samples that have been put through all that and do tests (usually in mice) to see if the vaccine still works the way it's supposed to.
All of this is measured in real time. "If a vaccine has a two-year shelf life at refrigerator temperatures, then the manufacturer actually needs to put the vaccine at that refrigerated temperature for two years and see if at the end the product is still effective," Kristensen explains. "Given the urgent need for these COVID-19 vaccines, manufacturers will likely begin releasing them with shorter shelf lives and then they'll expand the shelf life durations as they gather more data."
Pfizer spokesperson Jerica Pitts told NPR "there are ongoing studies on this front," but did not answer whether any imminent changes to the temperature requirements might be coming as a result of those studies.
"I doubt that [Pfizer] will be able to move away from the ultra-cold conditions during initial transport and storage," says Kristensen. "But if they can prove that the vaccine can be kept at refrigerated temperatures for some time after being removed from frozen storage, that helps facilitate distribution and administration out to more remote areas and to specific groups of people."
Temperature requirements call for different distribution plans
Right now, Pfizer says its vaccine needs to be kept at minus 70 degrees Celsius and can last in a specialty freezer for up to six months. The specialty shippers can hold up to five "pizza box" trays of vials and be refreshed with dry ice every five days for up to 15 days to keep the vaccine at the right frozen temperature.
Even that presents challenges, though — a Pfizer scientist told a CDC advisory council in August that it's not supposed to be opened more than twice a day and needs to be closed within one minute of opening. Once it's thawed, the vaccine can be refrigerated for five days.
Moderna says its vaccine candidate is stable at regular freezer temperature — minus 20 degrees Celsius — for up to six months, and after thawing it can last in the refrigerator for 30 days. It can also be kept at room temperature for up to 12 hours. This, explains Kristensen, is useful for health care workers in the field, "because now the vaccine doesn't need to go in and out of the refrigerator each time it's administered."
Given the demand, if both Pfizer and Moderna's vaccines are authorized around the same time, states will figure out how to use both in different settings.
Christine Finley, the immunization manager in Vermont finalizing that state's distribution plan, says it makes sense to think about distributing Pfizer's vaccine to larger population centers, not just because of its temperature, but because the smallest amount you can order is 975 doses (usually it's more like 100 doses or fewer).
"[If] you have a large university where you're going to be able to reach a larger number of people, that would make sense that you might consider distributing your ultra-cold there," she says. The Moderna vaccine will work better, she says, "in areas where it might be more difficult to use up such a large order or they may not have the [cold] storage."
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the federal agency in charge of vaccine distribution and decisions about which groups receive the first shots, has tried to discourage health departments and hospitals from going out and buying expensive freezers to accommodate the Pfizer vaccine. But according to a recent report in Stat, wealthier hospitals are buying up specialized freezers, raising concerns that hospitals with fewer resources or in rural areas will be left behind.
Moderna's announcement may temper those fears, although since Pfizer's vaccine doses will be urgently needed as well, it doesn't mean that ultra-cold storage is no longer an issue.
"I think the best news is that there may be two vaccines that are effective because that means we can reach more people," says Finley. "We still need to show that they're safe and they're effective and we need to build trust with the public — so there's still a ways to go, but this is good news."
Despite the excitement and hopes riding on Pfizer and Moderna potentially having the first authorized COVID-19 vaccines, "this really isn't a race," says Liu. "Just by sheer numbers, we probably need multiple, multiple vaccines."
And in the end, she says, "it may be that the second one or the 50th one is actually a better vaccine."