Europe and NASA's Solar Orbiter rocketed into space Sunday night on an unprecedented mission to capture the first pictures of the sun's elusive poles.
The $1.5 billion spacecraft will join NASA's Parker Solar Probe, launched 1 1/2 years ago, in coming perilously close to the sun in order to unveil its secrets.
While Solar Orbiter won't venture close enough to penetrate the sun's corona, or crown-like outer atmosphere, like Parker, it will maneuver into a unique out-of-plane orbit that will take it over both poles, never photographed before. Together with powerful ground observatories, the sun-staring space duo will be like an orchestra, according to Gunther Hasinger, the European Space Agency's science director.
"Every instrument plays a different tune, but together they play the symphony of the sun," Hasinger said.
Solar Orbiter was made in Europe, along with nine science instruments. NASA provided the 10th instrument and arranged the late-night launch from Cape Canaveral.
Nearly 1,000 scientists and engineers from across Europe gathered with their U.S. colleagues under a full moon as United Launch Alliance's Atlas V rocket blasted off, illuminating the sky for miles around. Crowds also jammed nearby roads and beaches.
The rocket was visible for four full minutes after liftoff, a brilliant star piercing the night sky. Europe's project scientist Daniel Mueller was thrilled, calling it "picture perfect." His NASA counterpart, scientist Holly Gilbert, exclaimed, "One word: Wow."
Within an hour, the satellite separated neatly from the upper stage and was flying on its own.
Solar Orbiter — a boxy 4,000-pound (1,800-kilogram) spacecraft with spindly instrument booms and antennas — will swing past Venus in December and again next year, and then past Earth, using the planets' gravity to alter its path. Full science operations will begin in late 2021, with the first close solar encounter in 2022 and more every six months.
At its closest approach, Solar Orbiter will come within 26 million miles (42 million kilometers) of the sun, well within the orbit of Mercury.
Parker Solar Probe, by contrast, has already passed within 11.6 million miles (18.6 million kilometers) of the sun, an all-time record, and is shooting for a slim gap of 4 million miles (6 million kilometers) by 2025. But it's flying nowhere near the poles. That's where Solar Orbiter will shine.
The sun's poles are pockmarked with dark, constantly shifting coronal holes. They're hubs for the sun's magnetic field, flipping polarity every 11 years.
Solar Orbiter's head-on views should finally yield a full 3-D view of the sun, 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from our home planet.
"With Solar Observatory looking right down at the poles, we'll be able to see these huge coronal hole structures," said Nicola Fox, director of NASA's heliophysics division. "That's where all the fast solar wind comes from ... It really is a completely different view."
To protect the sensitive instruments from the sun's blistering heat, engineers devised a heat shield with an outer black coating made of burned bone charcoal similar to what was used in prehistoric cave paintings. The 10-foot-by-8-foot (3-meter-by-2.4-meter heat shield is just 15 inches (38 centimeters) thick, and made of titanium foil with gaps in between to shed heat. It can withstand temperatures up to nearly 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit (530 degrees Celsius).
Embedded in the heat shield are five peepholes of varying sizes that will stay open just long enough for the science instruments to take measurements in X-ray, ultraviolet, visible and other wavelengths.
The observations will shed light on other stars, providing clues as to the potential habitability of worlds in other solar systems.
Closer to home, the findings will help scientists better predict space weather, which can disrupt communications.
"We need to know how the sun affects the local environment here on Earth, and also Mars and the moon when we move there," said Ian Walters, project manager for Airbus Defence and Space, which designed and built the spacecraft. "We've been lucky so far the last 150 years," since a colossal solar storm last hit. "We need to predict that. We just can't wait for it to happen."
The U.S.-European Ulysses spacecraft, launched in 1990, flew over the sun's poles, but from farther afield and with no cameras on board. It's been silent for more than a decade.
Europe and NASA's Soho spacecraft, launched in 1995, is still sending back valuable solar data.
Altogether, more than a dozen spacecraft have focused on the sun over the past 30 years. It took until now, however, for technology to allow elaborate spacecraft like Parker and Solar Orbiter to get close without being fried.
Fox considers it "a golden age" for solar physics.
"So much science still yet to do," she said, "and definitely a great time to be a heliophysicist."
PUBG Corporation developed the PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds (PUBG) game in 2017. This multiplayer battle royal game is played online. Getting released in 2018, the popularity of PUBG Mobile skyrocketed among young people worldwide. Now PUBG is the most played and best-selling game in the history of online video gaming. Each PUBG player wishes to earn the “Chicken Dinner” reward at the end of the game.
To conquer the most sought-after gift “Winner, winner, chicken dinner” you have to fight until you are the lone survivor in the game. If you can win this Chicken Dinner reward, you will get points for buying better armors, avatar, etc. To reach this stage you have to become a pro in looting equipment, aiming the guns and killing enemies. These competitive tasks require forte, skill and techniques. Are you crazy about winning a Chicken Dinner in PUBG mobile? Read our article to learn some tips on how to survive in PUBG Mobile up to the last and win the “Chicken Dinner” successfully.
Before stepping into PUBG Mobile game, play the “Unreal Tournament” game at classic mode to be a pro in Guerilla Warfare. Start the battle when you are fully confident to kill. Never miss your target; otherwise your location would be exposed to the enemies. Take shelter in den/hideout to make yourself invisible, so that the enemies can’t see you, but you can observe them properly. Try to learn the best timings when/not to hide your position, or come out in open air, or move to other place. These tricks will not only save you from getting shot, but also keep you alive longer.
If you are a beginner in PUBG Mobile, going solo can be risky for your existence. Especially, when you wish to win a chicken dinner, it would be wise to play in teams. Your teammates can safeguard you at critical situation. It is a blessing to have someone holding your back and rescuing you from dangers. Though you love playing Solo, join a group initially to better apprehend the game strategy, playground map, and tricks from other players.
Image Credit: PNGitem
Though looting is a heinous crime in real life. In PUBG Mobile battling, looting is mandatory for staying well equipped for fighting. To win the chicken dinner, you must learn how to loot smartly. As soon as you drop on the land, look for houses where you can loot. Whenever you kill enemy, loot his/her weapons. Hasten in Collecting Weapons and Body Armors first. Later go for helmet, secured bulletproof vest, med kit, and other healing items. Collect more weapons and goods without wasting too much time for it.
Choosing the right weapon and body armor is another great trick to survive up to last in the PUBG Mobile game. After collecting several weapons, select the best weapons to fight with. For instance, assault rifles work great in all situations, mostly. If you are confused about which weapons to keep, take help from the auto pick-up feature of PUBG Mobile. However, don’t stand still while looting, as the enemy players can get chances to kill you.
To survive up to last, you need to change low-level or damaged armor/helmet and get the classy ones offering more protection. A high-level armor will provide low protection if it gets damaged. Therefore, whenever you get a chance try to exchange your damaged armor with a new one. However, if you are wearing high-level damaged armor, don’t hesitate to switch it for a low-level new armor. To choose the right armor, check out the value showing next to your armor. Always pick the armor showing higher value.
Image Credit: PikPng
According to PUBG Mobile game setting, each door is kept closed. If you see a building keeping doors open, assume that another player is either staying inside or have already looted the armors and guns. If you are a newbie in PUBG game, don’t enter a building if any door is left open. However, if you have an advanced level weapon, you can take a chance. But you must be careful while entering a building with opened doors. Another trick is that after entering a building, you need to close the doors. It will help you in hiding your tracks smartly.
Since the PUBG Mobile game is played on mobile, you get precise controls. But, you must learn how to use those controls more accurately. Because, the side showing better accuracy wins the battle eventually! If you are a novice, learn how to manage the screen controls of your mobile swiftly.
In PUBG Mobile, there is an advantage that enemies can’t fire at you perfectly. If you get shot unfortunately, don’t panic! Try to hide first, and then aim at your enemy to fire back. If your health condition is not well and you are not sure about the exact location of your enemies, try to run zigzag in order to break their line of sight.
While running, stay alert about vehicles; as they can impose a big risk upon your safety. To win a chicken dinner, vehicles can offer you a great help! With a vehicle, you can cover a long distance easily and reach your safe zone in less time. What is more! If you own a vehicle, you can knock down the enemies rapidly without much effort. In PUBG Mobile, an interesting fact is that enemies can hardly aim at a fast moving vehicle. Keep an eye on the roadside; as vehicles are usually found there!
Image Credit: PUBG
To win a Chicken Dinner, learn to master in deciding who to attack? Standing enemies are far more dangerous than the injured ones! So, while firing against a bunch of enemies, try to keep aiming and firing at the standing enemies who are ready to attack. The knocked down enemies can only get up if they can get the chance to revive.
If you think that you will load the gun after defining the enemy, it would be a grave mistake in PUBG Mobile game. When you are going to enter a new town/area/house, there is high probability to confront an enemy. Running with an unloaded weapon means staying barehanded, this might kill you. Because, you will hardly manage time to reload when the enemy fires at you. Therefore, stay conscious about keeping your gun loaded always. Don’t forget to check your weapon frequently.
Like real life, health is wealth in PUBG Mobile game. To win a chicken dinner you have to survive longer. If your health condition is low, you might get down for a few shots. So, it is recommended to start fight with a healthy body. If you get shot, apply bandages. However, the First Aid Kits can heal you up to 75-percents. Painkillers can give you temporary relief. If you are too lucky to win a rare med kit, it can recover your full health. In addit
Today adults mostly spend several hours every day writing posts, uploading photos/videos, sending comments/messages, or checking notifications on Facebook. According to research, excessive use of Facebook is wasting our precious time, mental peace and physical health. However, in this situation it would certainly be a windfall, if you can utilize Facebook to fatten your wallet. Yes we are talking about how to earn money from Facebook. Pioneering the realm of social media platforms with more than two billion users worldwide, Facebook has more to offer beyond social networking. Facebook can be a stable source of income if you can follow the right strategies. Stay with us to learn some effective ways to make money with Facebook.
You can’t expect to start earning from Facebook overnight. If you want to earn a handsome amount from Facebook, you have to work in a planned way. Before you expect earning, you have to create earning potential. Let’s see how to prepare you for monetization from Facebook.
The first step to earn from Facebook is to define your niche. Your niche can be your passion or skill like writing, graphic designing, or any kind of local business, like boutiques, Home Food Delivery, etc. When you are definitely confident about what niche you have potential in, learn the relevant skills/techniques/strategies to nail it down.
After defining your niche, create an attractive Facebook Fan Page and/or group for your niche/business. Facebook fan page can be the right place where people – who share interest in your niche – can get the opportunity to know you. The motto of creating Facebook Page/group is to build communication with your target audience.
After opening Facebook Page and/or Group, you need to connect with like-minded people who have interest in your niche. You can attract followers to your Facebook Page and group through utilizing different Facebook features like publishing quality Facebook posts, notes, live videos, setting events, etc.
However, Facebook has billions of users. So, people will not pay attention to your Page/Group, if you are ‘nobody’. So, you need to develop a trustworthy persona/authority. Certainly, it will take patience, and effort.
If you want to build your audience like a ‘Pro’ and want the audiences to listen to your voice, try to develop yourself as an ‘influencer’. The term ‘Facebook Influencer’ refers to an individual who has substantial amount of followers in a specific niche. The influencers can utilize their knowledge, skill, position, etc. to build relation with their audiences which is based upon trust, and respect. An influencer can be a celebrity, industry leader/expert, blogger, content creator, etc. The number of followers may range from thousands to millions depending on type of niche.
If you don’t have a local business, and still you want to earn from home with Facebook, then you must have skill in a specific niche like graphic design, photography, content writing, programming, etc. Having a Skill will make it easy for you to create quality content which will attract like-minded people to your Facebook Fan page or group. In other words, you can be an influencer by helping other people through sharing your experiences regarding your skill. For instance, if you have expertise in photography, you can share tips and techniques about how to capture great photos.
Picture Credit: Toucan Asia
When you know your niche, and have built an audience in your Facebook Fan Page/group through organic way or paid campaign, you are ready to earn money from Facebook. Let’s focus on some methods to earn from Facebook.
Facebook is a great platform to run an online business. You can also sell products through Facebook page, even if you have physical stores. Facebook page can also be a great platform to sell skills and services. And, if you have any expertise in a certain niche, you can sell that skill through Facebook.
You can sell products through your own Facebook Fan Page or group, when it has a good number of followers/members who trust you. Besides promoting sales through own Facebook Fan Page, you can sell your products, skills and services through different ‘Facebook Buy Sell’ groups. There are numerous groups in Facebook for buying and selling products from multiple sellers. Some groups may charge a nominal registration fee to allow your post.
If you work as an affiliate marketer, you can utilize Facebook to earn affiliate commissions. Now how does it work? Many reputed Brands and ecommerce websites like Amazon, Flipkart, etc. allows their affiliate associates to share product links on social media platforms like Facebook. If any a Facebook user clicks on your posted affiliate link and buys that product, you will earn an affiliate commission. The rate of commission varies depending on type, category and price range of that specific product.
The ultimate goal of an Influencer is to build authority. Using this authority an influencer can impact upon the followers’ minds, especially their purchase decision. Many brands are engaging Facebook influencers to promote their products and services to Facebook users. As an influencer, you can deliver sponsored contents (posts or live videos) through you Facebook Fan Page/ group. Besides these, influencers can sell their own products, services and skills through Facebook.
If you own a small-scale business, you can advertise your products/services through Facebook ads to get sales and earn money. Facebook purchasing funnel is a consumer focused marketing model which involves journey of potential consumers towards product/services. But does it really work?
When you post content on Facebook, the system will encourage you to run paid Facebook campaign, which is termed as ‘Boosting’. You can invest some money in Facebook paid advertisements (Boosting), to promote your Facebook page or post to reach more people in limited time.
While creating Facebook advertisements you can choose your target population based on several parameters like geographic location, age group, sex, etc., which will divert targeted audience towards your Facebook Sales funnel. Thus, Facebook ads can be a great way to make money through sales funnel.
Picture Credit: Vidooly
You can boost your own Facebook Post, Facebook Fan Page, or Facebook Group, to engage with a wider audience and promote your product/service. You can also work as a ‘Facebook Marketing Professional’ who sells services of creating and posting Facebook advertisement campaigns for other people’s businesses. Facebook marketers can offer digital marketing service to corporate and earn good money.
If you are a Pro in managing social media, you can take it as a profession (called ‘Social Media Manager’) and get paid. The responsibility of a Social Media Manager is to manage corporate social media (like Facebook) accounts that include post scheduling, building audience, monitoring campaign success, creating graphics, etc. Many brands and companies hire professional Social Media Manager to carry out brand promotion and product sale through diverse social media platforms including Facebook.
You may know that Facebook is indexed on the Nasdaq Composite as a publicly traded company. Like any other stock market investment, you can buy Facebook’s stock share ‘FB’ and earn profit. However, the FB stock price can fluctuate every day, so it is recommended to invest wisely.
So far we have highlighted on the best ways to make stable income from Facebook. Besides these, there are some other opportunities to earn some extra cash using Facebook platform. For instance, many Companies and Brands offer ‘Give Away’ or contest for sharing their post to other Facebook Pages or Groups. You can invest some time to participate in those contests. If you win, you can earn gifts, Gift Cards, or cash.
What is more? Any Facebook Fan Page or group holding a good number of followers can be considered as a sellable product. So, you can make some extra bucks selling Facebook Page/group. Some people sell ‘Facebook likes’, though it is not considered as a prestigious profession. Besides these, you can use your Facebook account/fan page for personal branding and searching jobs.
Picture Credit: Gizbot
Facebook is a continuously upgrading social media platform, which has no geographical boundary. Facebook is offering bunch of prospective features, like creation of Facebook Page, Facebook Group, running Facebook ads, etc. You can utilize these features and tools to reach more audience, sell products/services and earn money. However, to make money from Facebook in a stable way, don’t treat your fans/followers life a commodity; rather serve them like a friend, mentor and helping hand. And remember that you can’t sell certain kind of items through Facebook, like Tobacco, Alcohol, Certain types of healthcare products, illicit drugs, Weapons, Firearms, Real money gambling products, Wild Animals, etc. On the whole, Facebook can be a goldmine for you, if you can work strategically with patience and skill. Happy Facebooking!
Read: Monetizing Your Blog.
The Swedish Post and Telecom Authority (PTS) said Friday that there will be no "Huawei ban," as Sweden moves forward with plans to roll out 5G technology in the country.
Sweden's 5G frequency licenses will be assigned following an auction on Oct. 13, Anna Beckius, head of the spectrum analysis unit at PTS, told Swedish Television (SVT) on Friday.
Although Chinese tech company Huawei will not be automatically excluded from the bidding process, any company that wants to take part in the auction must first undergo a review by the Swedish Armed Forces and the Swedish Security Service, according to PTS.
Beckius said that "it will be up to the mobile operators to determine whether or not 5G can become a reality."
Next-generation 5G wireless networks could give Swedes up to 10 times faster web speeds than current 4G technology allows.
The Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences (IA) announced Friday that the first image transmitted by the European Space Agency (ESA) CHEOPS space telescope is "intentionally blurred" to allow "maximized measurement accuracy," Portuguese Lusa News Agency reported.
The image captured a star field centered on HD 70843, which is a yellowish-white star 150 light years away, because it has the ideal brightness and location for the tests, according to the IA.
"CHEOPS produces purposely out-of-focus images of the stars, in order to be able to distribute the light of each star over several pixels of the detector. This increases the accuracy of the measurements, as each measurement is less sensitive to variations in the response of each individual pixel or in the way how the telescope is aimed," according to the institute.
In a statement, the IA said that the protective cover of the space telescope opened on Jan. 29 and that since then, all systems have been prepared for the acquisition of this first image.
Investigator Sergio Sousa told reporters in Porto, a city in northern Portugal, that the image "brings prospects far better than those expected before launch," according to the statement.
"It may not be breathtaking or (have) the potential to inspire the public's imagination, but for those inside the project, it brings perspectives much better than those expected before launch, to achieve the scientific objectives of the mission," he was quoted as saying.
Antonio Gutierrez Pena, a director at Deimos, a company involved in the mission, said that everything seems to be "working perfectly."
"We are very excited and we hope that the mission will be fully operational within a short time," he said.
The mission of CHEOPS, or CHaracterising ExOPlanet Satellite, is to detect exoplanets, allowing for the estimation of their mass, density, composition and formation, as well as the time it takes to orbit their star.
The project is a joint endeavor of 11 European countries, with scientific participation in Portugal being led by the IA.