Dhaka, Jan 22 (UNB) - The general inflation rate slightly came down to 5.35 percent in December last from 5.37 percent in the previous month (Nov) thanks to the slight fall in both food and non-food inflations.
"The general point-to-point inflation rate slightly eased to 5.35 percentage point in December last," said Planning Minister MA Mannan on Tuesday releasing the monthly consumer price index.
The new planning minister also disclosed that the implementation rate of the Annual Development Programme (ADP) during the first half (July 2018-Dec 2018) of the current fiscal year was 27.45 percent with an overall expenditure of Tk 49,645 crore.
But the ADP implementation rate in the first half (July 2017-Dec 2017) of the last fiscal year was 27.02 percent with an overall expenditure of Tk 44,331 crore.
The minister said the ADP implementation rate could have been higher than 27.45 percent in the first half of the 2018-19 fiscal year unless there was no bar to fund release during the last general election held on December 30.
According to Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) data, the food inflation declined to 5.28 percent in December 2018 from 5.29 percent in November 2018.
The non-food inflation rate also decreased slightly to 5.45 percent in December 2018, which was 5.49 percent in November 2018.
Dhaka, Jan 22 (UNB) - The ILO Global Commission on the Future of Work has called on governments to commit to a set of measures to address the challenges caused by unprecedented transformational change in the world of work.
Co-chaired by South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and Swedish Prime Minister, Stefan Löfven, the commission outlined a vision for a human-centred agenda that is based on investing in people’s capabilities, institutions of work and in decent and sustainable work.
A universal labour guarantee, social protection from birth to old age and an entitlement to lifelong learning are among 10 recommendations made in a landmark report by the International Labour Organization’s Global Commission on the Future of Work, ILO said on Tuesday.
Managing technological change to boost decent work, including an international governance system for digital labour platforms, greater investments in the care, green and rural economies, a transformative and measurable agenda for gender equality and reshaping business incentives to encourage long-term investments are among the recommendations.
"Countless opportunities lie ahead to improve the quality of working lives, expand choice, close the gender gap, reverse the damages wreaked by global inequality. Yet none of this will happen by itself. Without decisive action we’ll be sleepwalking into a world that widens the existing inequalities and uncertainties," the report stresses.
It outlined the challenges caused by new technology, climate change and demography, and calls for a collective global response to the disruptions they are causing in the world of work.
Artificial intelligence, automation and robotics will lead to job losses, as skills become obsolete.
However, these same technological advances, along with the greening of economies will also create millions of jobs – if new opportunities are seized.
The report is the culmination of a 15-month examination by the 27-member commission, which is made up of leading figures from business and labour, think tanks, academia, government and non-governmental organizations.
“The ILO Global Commission Report on the Future of Work is a vital contribution to global understanding of the changes occurring – and that will continue to unfold – in the world of work,” said Ramaphosa.
“The report should stimulate engagement and partnerships within and between national and regional jurisdictions to ensure that the global economy and global society becomes more equitable, just and inclusive. At the same it should inspire global action to contain or eliminate challenges that humanity has inflicted on itself in the course of history."
Löfven, for his part said: "The world of work is undergoing great changes. They create many opportunities for more and better jobs. But governments, trade unions and employers need to work together, to make economies and labour markets more inclusive. Such a social dialogue can help make globalisation work for everyone.”
The report also highlights the ‘unique role’ the ILO should play in the development and delivery of the ‘human-centred economic agenda’ in the international system and calls on the organization to give urgent attention to the implementation of the report’s recommendations.
"The issues highlighted in this report matter to people everywhere and to the planet," commented ILO Director-General Guy Ryder.
"They may be challenging but we ignore them at our peril. The ILO’s mandate, bringing together governments, employers and workers from all parts of the world, means the organisation is well suited to act as a compass and a guide in order to help open up new vistas for coming generations at work."
Comilla University, Jan 22 (UNB) - The authorities of Comilla University (CoU) recently appointed new director and additional director of the Institutional Quality Assurance Cell (IQAC).
Professor Dr Bishawjit Chandra Deb of accounting and information systems department was appointed as director while associate professor Dr Banani Biswas of English department was appointed as additional director of IQAC.
A press release signed by the registrar Professor Dr Abu Taher confirmed the matter.
Dhaka, Jan 22 (UNB) - The Indian Ministry of External Affairs on Tuesday said their government is not a party to movements of Rohingyas mentioning that it is aware of media reports of alleged movement into Bangladesh by some such persons.
"Government (India) is not a party to such movements," said the MEA Spokesperson in response to a question about the presence of “Rohingya” refugees stranded on the India-Bangladesh boundary in Tripura.
The spokesperson said they will work with their neighbours to handle such matters through mutual consultation.
"Government is aware of the presence of 31 persons originally from Rakhine State in Myanmar, currently at the Zero Line on the India-Bangladesh border," said the MEA spokesperson.
While their documentation and claims are being examined, necessary shelter, food and material are being provided to them by forces guarding the Indian border, the spokesperson mentioned.
Dhaka, Jan 22 (UNB) - Greenland is melting faster than scientists previously thought, with the pace of ice loss increasing four-fold since 2003, new research has found.
The research provides fresh evidence of the dangers posed to vulnerable coastal places as diverse as Bangladesh, Miami, Shanghai and various Pacific islands as climate change shrinks the world’s land-based ice, reports the Guardian citing the study.
The study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, used data from Nasa’s gravity recovery and climate experiment (known as Grace) and GPS stations scattered across Greenland to analyze changes in ice mass.
Enormous glaciers in Greenland are depositing ever larger chunks of ice into the Atlantic ocean, where it melts. But scientists have found that the largest ice loss in the decade from 2003 actually occurred in the southwest region of the island, which is largely glacier-free.
This suggests surface ice is simply melting as global temperatures rise, causing gushing rivers of meltwater to flow into the ocean and push up sea levels. South-west Greenland, not previously thought of as a source of woe for coastal cities, is set to “become a major future contributor to sea level rise,” the research states.
This suggests surface ice is simply melting as global temperatures rise, causing gushing rivers of meltwater to flow into the ocean and push up sea levels.
Overall, the scientists said, the melt of Antarctica added water equivalent to 13.2 millimetres of sea level rise over the past four decades.
Arctic ice loss has tripled since the 1980s, with melting in places such as Greenland and Alaska providing the greatest instigator of sea level rise while destabilising the very ground underneath four million people’s feet.
“We knew we had one big problem with increasing rates of ice discharge by some large outlet glaciers,” said Michael Bevis, lead author of the paper and a professor of geodynamics at Ohio State University.
“But now we recognise a second serious problem: increasingly, large amounts of ice mass are going to leave as meltwater, as rivers that flow into the sea.”
Antarctica is becoming an increasing concern, however, with ice vanishing at its fastest rate in recorded history. The world’s largest expanse of ice is now losing around 219bn tonnes of ice a year, a trajectory that would contribute more than 25cm to total global sea level rise by 2070. Should the entire west Antarctic ice sheet collapse, sea levels would balloon by around 3.5m, albeit over a lengthy timeframe.