Bangladesh and the international community must intensify pressure on the Myanmar government over Rohingya repatriation as its military is unlikely to allow Aung San Suu Kyi to shift her position, says a global affairs expert.
"It's (intensified pressure) imperative," Dr Ali Riaz, a distinguished professor at Illinois State University, told UNB sharing three reasons why Suu Kyi's position on Rohingya issue will remain unchanged.
Though Suu Kyi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, she has widely been criticised for doing nothing to stop rape, murder and genocide in Rakhine by refusing to condemn the powerful military or acknowledge accounts of atrocities.
On three reasons why Suu Kyi is unlikely to change her position, Prof Riaz said she personally adheres to a position which does not see Rohingyas as a part of the Myanmar nation.
Secondly, he said, anti-Rohingya which is also anti-Muslim sentiment acts as a mobilizing element for Suu Kyi's support base.
Thirdly, Prof Riaz said, Myanmar’s military may not allow her to shift her position.
"There should be no doubt that military holds the real key to power," said Prof Riaz, also President of the American Institute of Bangladesh Studies (AIBS).
He said Bangladesh has previously proposed establishing a safe zone inside Myanmar as the first step.
"This should now become the central thrust of the diplomatic initiatives," he said adding that unfortunately, recent EU’s (European Union) action of re-engagement is not helpful.
Myanmar did not have any discussion with Bangladesh on Rohingya repatriation issue after January 20 this year, said Foreign Minister Dr AK Abdul Momen.
Though Bangladesh has shared a number of proposals with Myanmar to build trust among Rohingyas and their subsequent repatriation, Myanmar did not say yes or no regarding those proposals.
A Pressure Point
Prof Riaz who previously taught at universities in Bangladesh and England said the new US administration is expected to focus on human rights and democracy issues globally.
Based on the principles laid out by Joe Biden in his address on July 11 at New York on foreign policy and the essay published in the Foreign Affairs in March, it can be safely assumed that the United States will chart a new course in its foreign policy, he said.
The foreign affairs analyst said democracy, human rights and environmental justice will be among the cornerstones of the new policy.
"Rohingya issue clearly epitomize these issues," he said while responding to a question.
Besides, Prof Riaz said, considering the growing Chinese influence in the region and the close relationship between Myanmar and China, Rohingya can be a pressure point.
"However, it’ll also depend on Bangladesh’s approach and whether Bangladesh government is willing to work closely with the US and perhaps to the disliking of China," he said.
Bangladesh says Rohingyas will "jeopardise regional and international security" if the 1.1 million Rohingya people are left unattended and not given the opportunity to return to their homeland. Photo: AP
Role of India, China
Asked whether the involvement of India and China in Rohingya repatriation talks with Myanmar will help generate some positive outcomes, he said some achievements can be expected.
"If China joins in good faith and acts as an honest broker, some achievements can be expected," he said.
In the past three years, China has, however, shown "little interest" in encouraging Myanmar to address the underlying causes of the crisis, the analyst said.
Instead, he said, it has "shielded the Myanmar government and the military" from international condemnation.
Since 2017, China has chaired three rounds of ministerial-level meetings on the Rohingya issue and numerous bilateral and tripartite consultations at the working level, aiming to facilitate early repatriation, said the Chinese Embassy in Dhaka recently.
"Our political and humanitarian efforts started in the very beginning and will continue until a durable solution is found," it said.
In similar vein, Prof Riaz said, India unfortunately has not played any significant role in bringing an end to the misery of the Rohingyas.
However, the Indian side said they are committed to ensuring an early, safe and sustainable repatriation of the displaced persons to the Rakhine State in Myanmar.
Anurag Srivastava, the official spokesperson at the Indian Ministry of External Affairs, recently said their position is very clear on the issue of displaced persons from Rakhine State and as a neighbour of both Bangladesh and Myanmar, India has the highest stake in this issue.
During the 6th Joint Consultative Commission (JCC) meeting held on September 29, Bangladesh expressed the hope that as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, India would play a more meaningful role for a lasting solution to the Rohingya crisis, including their early repatriation to Myanmar in a safe and sustainable manner.
Foreign Minister Dr AK Abdul Momen, however, expressed optimism over the resumption of discussion on Rohingya repatriation using tripartite mechanisms after the formation of the new government in Myanmar.
Bangladesh, Myanmar and China are planning to hold Foreign Minister-level tripartite talks to begin the repatriation of Rohingyas without any delay.
The first such tripartite meeting was held in New York.
The Myanmar side made commitment in many ways to repatriate Rohingyas but not a single Rohingya returned to Rakhine over the last three years.
Foreign Minister Dr Momen said there is trust deficit among Rohingyas that needs to be addressed by the Myanmar side.
Apart from the commitment to take their nationals back, Myanmar also informed that they have published a booklet on the work the Myanmar side has done and Rohingyas will be given those booklets to know the situation in Rakhine.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi has conveyed his Bangladesh counterpart during their recent telephone conversation that Myanmar assured them (China) of taking back Rohingyas who are temporarily taking shelter in Bangladesh.
Myanmar’s ruling National League for Democracy party claimed on Monday that it has won enough seats in Parliament to constitute an absolute majority and retain power, according to AP.
It made the claim even though the state Union Election Commission has not yet completed releasing results from Sunday’s election.
“I can now confirm that we’re now securing more than 322 seats,” said Monywa Aung Shin, a spokesperson for the NLD information committee. There are 642 seats in Parliament.
“We were aiming to secure 377 seats in total. But it would be likely more than that,” said Monywa Aung Shin.
Dr Momen said Bangladesh will welcome the new government in Myanmar though there is no change.
Bangladesh says Rohingyas will "jeopardise regional and international security" if the 1.1 million Rohingya people are left unattended and not given the opportunity to return to their homeland.
Repatriation attempts were failed twice in November 2018 and August 2019 amid Rohingyas' "lack of trust" on the Myanmar government.
Bangladesh and Myanmar signed the repatriation deal on November 23, 2017.
On January 16, 2018, Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a document on “Physical Arrangement”, which was supposed to facilitate the return of Rohingyas to their homeland.
All Bangladeshi expatriates living abroad would eventually be able to cast their votes in general elections from overseas.
This is because the country's independent Election Commission plans to issue National Identity (NID) cards to Bangladeshi expatriates in at least 40 countries in the next five years. To start with, the NID services will soon be rolled out in five-six countries -- Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Kuwait and the UK, a top official said.
"We’ll go to the 40 largest host countries of expatriates in phases within the next five years. We’ll initially start the NID services in 5-6 countries,” Brig Gen Saidul Islam, the Director General of the EC’s National Identity Registration Wing, told UNB.
To apply for an NID card, expatriates would need to attach six documents with the application form -- copies of passport and dual citizenship certificate or approval letter from the Bangladesh Home Ministry are the most important requirements.
Along with these, a copy of the passport of another Bangladeshi expatriate identifying the applicant as a Bangladeshi, the statement of a blood relation living in Bangladesh with name, mobile number and NID card copy, would be required.
Also needed are a declaration from the applicant that they are not registered in electoral rolls anywhere in Bangladesh, and a certificate from the local Bangladeshi mission.
During the pre-Covid period, the EC had started the online registration of Bangladeshi expatriates in four countries -- Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and the UK -- after CEC KM Nurul Huda and Expatriates’ Welfare and Overseas Employment Minister Imran Ahmed jointly inaugurated the overseas voter registration programme in Malaysia last November.
A total of 738 expatriates from the four countries had also applied for NID cards before the Covid-19 pandemic. Of them, 530 online applications came from the UAE, 121 from the UK, 48 from Malaysia and 39 from Saudi Arabia.
The Commission sent the applications to the respective upazila or Ttana election offices to complete the verification process of the expatriates. But the EC could not send the technical teams to these four countries to collect biometrics of the applicants due to the pandemic.
Now, the EC is ready to send its technical teams to the four countries and also Kuwait to collect biometrics for rendering the NID services there to the expatriates, said the head of the NID Registration Wing. "The Commission will soon decide if fees are to be charged for the NID services abroad. If yes, the Commission will also fix its rate."
Saidul Islam, however, said when the EC went to four countries to open online portals to render the NID services there, the expatriates had asked them to impose fees to maintain better services.
The plan for the introduction of the NID services in the 40 countries has also been incorporated in the Development Project Proforma of the Identification System for Enhancing Access to Services (IDEA)-II as the tenure of the ongoing IDEA project is going to end in December next, said, an EC official.
In 2008, the Election Commission headed by ATM Shamsul Huda prepared the electoral rolls with photographs and provided laminated NID cards to the voters. In 2016, the EC headed by Kazi Rakibuddin Ahmad started providing smart NID cards to the voters. Now 137 agencies are availing the services from the NID database to ascertain one's identity.
Also read: EC launches online NID services
For a country which happens to one of the world's most important inland fishing nations, fishermen and fisheries get little to no attention from the government authorities.
Like their counterparts in other parts of the country, the fishermen in the Sundarbans have remained neglected for years despite the higher socio-economic progress of the country as a whole.
The fishing villages in and around the Sundarbans mangrove forests are characterised by poverty and deprivation, and lack of access to basic amenities such as drinking water, sanitation and health facilities, all due to the apathy of the authorities.
And those who are involved in dry fish processing have not been able to turn the wheel of their fortune due to various adversities, including the problem of pirates, harassment by forest guards and fear of attacks by tigers or crocodiles.
In Dublar Char, for instance, which is known as the ‘shutki palli’, the fishermen are struggling to earn two quare meals a day as their livelihoods have been hit hard by the Covid-19 pandemic.
While many fishermen have already switched professions after losing cash, nets and boats, others are struggling to repay loans taken from private money lenders at a high rate of interest.
In the dry season, fishermen Mokhles and Kawsar said, many people from Sandwip and coastal areas of Chattogram come to Dublar Char to catch fish. But many of them have now stopped coming.
According to the Sundarbans Forest Department office, Tk 2.46 crore was collected from 7,325 fishermen as revenue in the 2018-2019 fiscal. In the last financial year, the revenue shot up to Tk 2.73 crore from 7,787 fishermen.
The authorities claimed that the government’s initiative to free the Sundarbans from pirates by strengthening monitoring systems "is the main reason behind the increasing revenue from the region".
According to sources, some 500 fishermen in Rampal, Mongla, Sharankhola and Morelganj of Bagerhat district are involved in catching fish from the Sundarbans. Similarly, hundreds of people in Satkhira, Khulna and Pirojpur districts are dependent on fishing in the Sundarbans.
Each farmer used to take Tk 5 lakh to Tk 15 lakh as loan from mahajans and the moneylender had to provide Tk 50 crore to 500 fishermen. Against the loan, the fishermen would count Tk 25,000-30,000 as interest.
Experts said if the fishermen would take loans from the banks, then they would have to pay low interest.
Syed Shukur Ali, a member of Sea-bound Matshyajibi Shamity, of Gilatala in Rampal upazila of Bagerhat, said he has been involved in fishing for the past 34 years. “I have to go to the Sundarbans for fishing with six nets, three trawlers and 28 fishermen, for which I would need Tk 20 lakh."
Another fisherman, Farhad Sheikh of Rampal Sadar, said, “I have taken preparations to go to the sea for fishing after arranging Tk 28 lakh. Tk 9.5 lakh was taken from my own fund while the remaining was taken as loan from a mahajan. I am paying Tk 25,000 per lakh as interest."
Expressing dissatisfaction, Shahjahan Shikdar, Zulfiker, Joynal Sheikh, Ansar Shikdar, Akkas Ali Sheikh, Yusuf Ali Sheikh and Jabbar Sheikh of Rampal upazila in Bagerhat, asked why the government has not been taking any steps for their upliftment.
Shahid Mallik, President of Sea-bound Fishermen Association, said “Every year, we go to the sea to catch fish after taking loans. We do not receive any financial assistance from the government. No steps have been taken by the government yet to ensure a sanitation system, medical facilities and pure drinking water."
When contacted, Mohammad Belayet Hossain, Divisional Forest Officer of Sundarbans East Zone, said, “The Sundarbans forest has been brought under surveillance. State-of-the-art patrolling has been arranged in the entire Sundarbans."
The United Kingdom wants the new government in Myanmar to take steps towards safe, voluntary and dignified return of the Rohingya to their place of origin in Rakhine State addressing the root causes of conflicts.
"The new government must work to address the valid concerns of people across Rakhine," Lord Tariq Ahmad, Minister for South Asia and the Commonwealth at the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO), told UNB while exclusively responding to a few questions.
Millions voted in Myanmar's general election on November 8 with elections cancelled in Rakhine and the Rohingya disenfranchised, just the second since military rule ended in 2011.
Aung San Suu Kyi remains hugely popular in Myanmar and is expected to win.
The UK minister reminded that the solution lies in Myanmar, and the UK is working tirelessly for accountability and justice. "We’ll also provide the political support needed to resolve this crisis in the long-term."
He said they also want the Rakhine Advisory Commission recommendations to be implemented, including recognising the Rohingya as citizens of Myanmar and allowing them freedom of movement, as well as making sure they can access essential services, like schooling and jobs.
The government of Bangladesh has planned to relocate 100,000 Rohingyas to Bhasan Char what it says to ease the burden on Cox's Bazar camps and avoid the risk of deaths due to landslides during the rainy season.
Several Bangladeshi media outlets have recently visited Bhasan Char and found the facilities there far better than that of Cox's Bazar camps.
Asked about the relocation plan, minister Ahmad said the UK is absolutely clear that the relocation of Rohingya refugees to Bhasan Char must be "safe, voluntary and dignified".
"We’re extremely concerned to hear of reports of alleged abuse, including sexual abuse, taking place on the island," he said.
Bangladesh, however, ruled out such allegations terming those reports completely false.
"We support calls by the UN for a protection mission to the island to assess whether it’s safe for people to live there. Full and detailed assessments are needed to determine this," said the UK minister.
Newly constructed buildings stand on Bhasan Char in Noakhali district, in the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. Photo: AP (File)
Concerned Over Clashes in Camps
There are incidents of clashes and killings at Cox's Bazar Rohingya camps and Foreign Minister Dr AK Abdul Momen recently said the regional and international security will certainly be jeopardised if the Rohingya issue remains unresolved.
Asked how Bangladesh can avert such security threats, the UK minister said they are "extremely concerned" by the recent escalation of violence in Cox’s Bazar and they are relieved to see the situation has calmed for now.
"We’re grateful to our humanitarian partners for their work to help those facing this in the camps," said minister Ahmad.
Unfortunately, he said, the trauma and violence the Rohingya people have suffered, and the prolonged crisis, has led to fears of a lost generation within the camps.
"This sense of hopelessness is likely contributing to worsening tensions and increased crime. That’s why our UK aid programmes support access to education, jobs and skills development opportunities for Rohingya people and host communities, to help people see a meaningful future for themselves," said the UK minister.
He said their programmes also promote the rule of law and access to justice, to help keep people safe.
Repatriation or Long-term Support
Bangladesh wants to repatriate Rohingya to Myanmar without further delay while a conference on sustaining support for the Rohingya Refugee Response was held on October 22.
When asked this conference was conflicting with Bangladesh's repatriation plan, the UK minister said they welcome the government of Bangladesh’s longstanding commitment to voluntary, safe and dignified returns and share this aim.
He said they are pressing Myanmar to address the root causes of the crisis so that this can become possible.
However, minister Ahmad said, the continued violence and threat to Rohingya people’s lives in Rakhine State mean this is not possible right now.
"Until that can happen, we’ll help refugees and Bangladeshi families, and take steps that will give the Rohingya the confidence to return home," said the UK minister.
He said the Rohingya people need reassurances from the Myanmar government on their rights to citizenship, freedom of movement, access to education and livelihoods.
"The UK is raising these issues with Myanmar and at the UN, and we’ve convened the UN Security Council three times this year with a focus on the situation in Rakhine and Chin States," said minister Ahmad.
He said they have sanctioned two generals in the Myanmar military, as recommended by a UN independent investigation, which found them responsible for atrocities which amount to ethnic cleansing.
Minister Ahmad said the UK is extremely grateful to Bangladesh for hosting the Rohingya in their time of need and will continue to help the country until the crisis is resolved.
"Last month we announced £10 million to support Bangladesh’s coronavirus response and preparations for natural disasters such as cyclones and monsoon flooding," he said adding that this will help Bangladesh build back better from coronavirus.
The UK also announced a further £37.5 million of new support to alleviate the suffering of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees and Bangladeshi people in Cox’s Bazar, said minister Ahmad.
He said this UK aid will provide food, water and sanitation, as well as care and counselling for those traumatised by the horrific violence they have experienced.
"It’ll also improve access to education for 50,000 young people, as well as support isolation and treatment centres for people suffering with coronavirus," he said.
A file photo of Kutupalong Rohingya refugee camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
Minister Ahmad said they remain committed to supporting host communities in Cox’s Bazar.
"Our new funding will support more than 10,000 people from local Bangladeshi communities to cope with the economic impact of the pandemic, including through providing training and supporting business start-up funds," he said.
The UK minister said they are also currently providing 50,000 people with food assistance to help the Bangladeshi communities living around the camps.
To date, minister Ahmad said, the UK aid has helped get more than 20,000 Bangladeshi women into better-paid jobs, more than 120,000 children and teenagers into quality education and helped over 110,000 people to access clean water.
Not Forgotten Issue
The UK minister said last month’s conference demonstrates that the world has not forgotten the plight of the Rohingya people and the burden that Bangladesh in particular is shouldering in providing refuge and protection.
As a force for good in the world, he said, the UK is proud to have co-hosted the conference and will continue to work with Bangladesh.
"It’s been more than three years since the latest crisis in August 2017 but the Rohingya’s suffering continues, and we must not abandon them," said minister Ahmad.
He also said, "Of course, we must continue to support those who’re generously hosting them, particularly Bangladesh."
Along with their co-hosts, the United States, the European Union and the UN Refugee Agency, the UK urged countries to pledge new support for Rohingya refugees, host communities such as those in Cox’s Bazar, and internally displaced Rohingya in Myanmar itself.
"We’ll also provide the political support needed to resolve this crisis in the long-term. That solution lies in Myanmar and the UK is working tirelessly for accountability and justice.
Bangladesh is now hosting over 1.1 million Rohingyas in Cox's Bazar district.
Repatriation attempts failed twice in November 2018 and August 2019 amid Rohingyas' "lack of trust" in the Myanmar government.
Bangladesh and Myanmar signed the repatriation deal on November 23, 2017.
On January 16, 2018, Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a document on “Physical Arrangement”, which was supposed to facilitate the return of Rohingyas to their homeland.
The United States' approach to Bangladesh, if Joe Biden wins, will be shaped within the broad Asia-Pacific policy and it will be good for countries like Bangladesh if economic cooperation gets priority in the region slowing down militarization efforts, say analysts.
"In a potential Biden administration, it’s expected that its Asia-Pacific policy will be recalibrated as will be its overall foreign policy orientation," Dr Ali Riaz told UNB, mentioning that the US' approach to Bangladesh will be shaped within the broad Asia-Pacific policy.
Joe Biden says he has “no doubt” that once the vote count is complete, he will defeat President Donald Trump to win the White House.
Former Ambassador of Bangladesh to the US M Humayun Kabir said it seems Biden will give much emphasis on economic aspects in the Asia Pacific region though there is a growing militarization effort through Indo-Pacific Strategy (IPS).
Warships and aircraft from the four “Quad” nations -- Japan, India, Australia and the US -- kicked off the annual Malabar joint military exercise in the Bay of Bengal on November 3 with Australia rejoining the drills for the first time in 13 years, according to The Japan Times.
Ambassador Kabir said militarization efforts may slow down or can be removed if there is a scope of cooperation between China and the US with a visible improvement in their relations keeping usual competition unhurt.
"It’ll be positive for us as a matter of relief," the foreign affairs analyst said.
Responding to a question, Dr Riaz, a distinguished professor at Illinois State University, said while the US policy will continue to contain China and try to halt its growing influence in the region, it will not be belligerent like the Trump administration.
"I expect a relationship of contest and cooperation will be developed. As such, both defence and economic cooperation with the allies in the region will be strengthened," he said.
Whether it will be done under the IPS or a new framework will be developed is an open question, the analyst added.
Responding to another question, Prof Riaz said the Bangladesh-US relationship has flourished irrespective of whoever is in power in Washington and Dhaka.
"The US-Bangladesh relationship has economic and security dimensions, and they’ll continue," he said.
The analyst said cooperation on counterterrorism between the two countries has strengthened in recent years and it will continue for the benefit of both countries.
However, he said, it is expected that the Biden administration will focus on human rights and democracy issues globally which is likely to have bearing on Bangladesh.
Former Ambassador Kabir said they are living in a world of inter-dependency and they are no more in an era where one can say "I can do alone".
"We’re connected with each other for a number of reasons, including global value chain," he said.
Kabir posed a question whether the US can solve the problems alone that the world is facing today and said it is important to see whether America becomes alone in the name of ‘America first’ policy.
On November 4, the United States formally left the Paris Agreement, a global pact it helped forge five years ago to avert the threat of catastrophic climate change.
The move, long threatened by US President Donald Trump and triggered by his administration a year ago, "further isolates" Washington in the world but has no immediate impact on international efforts to curb global warming.
In July, the Trump administration formally notified the United Nations of its withdrawal from the World Health Organization (WHO), although the pullout will not take effect until next year, meaning it could be rescinded under a new administration or if circumstances change.
Former Vice President Joe Biden said he would reverse the decision on his first day in office, if elected.
Former diplomat Kabir said the US played a leadership role in the UN, WHO, WTO, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, and he believes that Biden will work to reengage with the world if he is elected.
At least, the analyst said, Biden will not try to create tension in the world. "I believe it. And it’ll bring some relief in the world."
Kabir said taking all on board, Biden will try to build an inclusive international society as there can be two aspects of protecting national interest -- taking inclusive approach or exclusive.
However, CNN Editor-at-large Chris Cillizza in a latest analysis said Biden's promise of returning things to normal may not even be possible.
Biden will have to grapple with Trump stirring things up from the outside. But even inside Washington, significant hurdles exist to Biden's hopes of making things normal.
Republicans are nearly certain to hold the Senate majority in 2021, a remarkable outcome given predictions from political prognosticators that Democrats were favored to ride an anti-Trump wave into the majority.
"That means that every part of Biden's presidency -- from his picks for Cabinet slots to his policy priorities -- will need Republicans on board if they are going to come to pass. And it's uniquely possible that (likely still) Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (Kentucky) makes a strategic decision that cooperating with Biden on, well, anything, is not beneficial to his party's chances of regaining the White House in 2024," Cillizza wrote.
Biden laid out his foreign policy vision for America to restore dignified leadership at home and respected leadership on the world stage.
Arguing that their policies at home and abroad are deeply connected, Biden announced that he will advance the security, prosperity, and values of the United States by taking immediate steps to renew their own democracy and alliances, protect economic future, and once more place America at the head of the table, leading the world to address the most urgent global challenges.
Biden is confident that he will emerge victorious, but said, "This will not be my victory or our victory alone. It will be a victory for the American people, for our democracy, for America."
Dhaka Comfortable with Both
Foreign Minister Dr AK Abdul Momen has made it clear that Bangladesh does not have any problem whoever wins the US election which witnessed a very tight contest.
"Whoever comes to power, we’ve no problem," Dr Momen said, mentioning that the foreign policy does not depend on any individual.
The Foreign Minister said it is too early to say who will win the election. "This is technically a different type of election. They’ve designed the system pretty nicely, having dignity for each State."
Dr Momen said Bangladesh's economy is doing very well and Bangladesh is geopolitically in a very good situation. "We maintain neutrality. We don't have enmity with any country. We expect good for all."
The Foreign Minister said he thinks Bangladesh will work very well with the US on the trade and investment front. "We’ve good relations.
Dr Momen said Bangladesh wants to see stability everywhere. "We want solid stability."
In this interconnected world, he said, it will be good for Bangladesh if stability prevails everywhere.
The Foreign Minister said many countries, including the Trump Administration, remained busy with their respective countries since the Covid-19 pandemic. "It seems this trend will continue for many days."
The Foreign Minister recalled that President Donald Trump cancelled the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
At that time Trump fulfilled a campaign pledge by signing an executive order to withdraw from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
The 12-nation trade deal was a linchpin of former President Barack Obama's Asia policy.
The Foreign Minister said whoever comes to power after the US election, the US government works in line with their people's and country's interest.
Bangladesh is hopeful of continuity on discussion with the United States on strengthening economic ties as the election results are unlikely to have any impact on it.
Foreign Secretary Masud Bin Momen said as far as Bangladesh-US relationship is concerned, the US' relationship does not depend on individual or party.
Rather, Masud Momen said, such a relationship goes through an institutional framework.
He said the government will work on maintaining the stable relationship with the US keeping economic ties unhurt and there will be efforts to restore the facilities that remain suspended.
Former Ambassador Kabir said Bangladeshis in the US might get benefit if the immigration policy is changed under a possible Biden administration.
The analyst said Biden might take an initiative to regularize irregular migrants and introduce chain migrants extending benefits towards families of the migrants.
Days after Election Day in the United States, neither candidate had amassed the votes needed to win the White House.