Dhaka, Sept 11 (UNB) - World leaders, including a delegation from Bangladesh, will participate in the UN Climate Action Summit 2019 on September 23 in response to the UN Secretary-General’s call.
The UN chief’s call came as global emissions are reaching record levels and show no sign of peaking, said the UN Information Centre in Dhaka.
The last four years were the four hottest on record, and winter temperatures in the Arctic have risen by 3°C since 1990, according to UNIC.
Sea levels are rising, coral reefs are dying, and the world started seeing the life-threatening impact of climate change on health, through air pollution, heat waves and risks to food security.
The impacts of climate change are being felt everywhere and are having very real consequences on people’s lives.
Climate change is disrupting national economies, costing the world dearly today and even more tomorrow.
But there is a growing recognition that affordable, scalable solutions are available now that will enable all to leapfrog to cleaner, more resilient economies.
The latest analysis shows that if the world acts now, it can reduce carbon emissions within 12 years and hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C and even, as asked by the latest science, to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres is calling on all leaders to come to New York on September 23 with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally-determined contributions by 2020 in line with reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45 percent over the next decade, and to net zero emissions by 2050.
“I want to hear about how we are going to stop the increase in emissions by 2020, and dramatically reduce emissions to reach net-zero emissions by mid-century,” said Antonio Guterres.
The Summit will bring together governments, the private sector, civil society, local authorities and other international organizations to develop ambitious solutions in six areas: a global transition to renewable energy; sustainable and resilient infrastructures and cities; sustainable agriculture and management of forests and oceans; resilience and adaptation to climate impacts; and alignment of public and private finance with a net zero economy.
Business is on our side
Accelerated climate solutions can strengthen economies and create jobs, while bringing cleaner air, preserving natural habitats and biodiversity, and protecting our environment, said the UN.
New technologies and engineering solutions are already delivering energy at a lower cost than the fossil-fuel driven economy.
Solar and onshore wind are now the cheapest sources of new bulk power in virtually all major economies.
Dhaka, Sept 11 (UNB) - Prime Minister Boris Johnson has unveiled plans to transform how talented international students are able build successful careers in the UK through a new immigration route.
International students make up half of all full-time post-graduate students in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) subjects.
The new immigration route, announced Wednesday, will mean international graduates in any subject, including STEM, will be able to stay in the UK for two years to find work, said the British High Commission in Dhaka.
Students will need to have successfully completed a degree from a trusted UK university or higher education provider which has a proven track record in upholding immigration checks and other rules on studying in the UK.
This will build on government action to help recruit and retain the best and brightest global talent. It will also open up opportunities for future breakthroughs in science, technology and research and other world-leading work that international talent brings to the UK.
One example of pioneering research and international collaboration in the UK is the world’s largest genetics project, the £200 million whole genome sequencing project of all volunteers in the UK Biobank.
The new project aims to improve the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of serious and life-threatening illnesses.
The partnership of pharmaceutical firms and health experts from the UK and abroad will examine and sequence the genetic code of 500,000 volunteers at the UK Biobank.
This sits alongside the work by Genomics England in partnership with NHS England on the 100,000 Genomes Project.
Johnson said Britain has a proud history of putting itself at the heart of international collaboration and discovery.
“Over 60 years ago, we saw the discovery of DNA in Cambridge by a team of international researchers and today we’re going even further. Now we’re bringing together experts from around the globe to work in the UK on the world’s largest genetics research project set to help us better treat life-threatening illnesses and ultimately save lives,” he said.
The British Prime Minister said breakthroughs of this kind would not be possible without being open to the brightest and the best from across the globe to study and work in the UK.
“That’s why we’re unveiling a new route for international students to unlock their potential and start their careers in the UK,” he said.
Dhaka, Sept 11 (UNB) - Permanent Representative (PR) of Bangladesh to the United Nations Ambassador Masud Bin Momen has shared some specific proposals for defining international rules of the road and capacity building in cyber space.
He emphasised public-private partnership to tackle cyber issues.
Masud was speaking at the first substantive session of the Open-ended Working Group (OEWG) on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security at the UNHQs in New York on Tuesday.
He said Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, at a side-event during the high-level week of the UNGA in September 2018, pledged “Bangladesh’s support for promoting a culture of cyber security at the UN and beyond ... [and] demonstrate strong political resolve to create a secure, stable, peaceful, inclusive and accessible cyber space for our future generations”.
Highlighting that Bangladesh targets to have at least 1,000 cyber security experts by 2021, Masud said: “We need enhanced capacities in areas of defending cyber-attacks, creating awareness, and developing reliable early-warning systems through information sharing across governments and major tech firms.”
He stressed the need for constant engagements for sharing best practices in those areas.
The ambassador said ICT is playing a critical role in Bangladesh’s journey towards sustainable development and fulfilling Prime Minister Hasina’s dream to turn Bangladesh into a digitally advanced middle-income country by 2021 and a developed country by 2041.
He said Bangladesh is now offering over a hundred important public services to its citizens through One-stop Digital Centres in the rural areas.
Earlier, in a side event jointly organised by Germany, Switzerland, Mexico, Ghana, Singapore and Bangladesh on UN’s efforts to promote stability in cyberspace at the Permanent Mission of Germany, Ambassador Masud elaborated on some of the key priorities of Bangladesh in the works of the OEWG.
The General Assembly approved the OEWG on Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security on December 5 last year under its resolution 73/27.
Dhaka, Sept 9 (UNB) - Bangladesh and Switzerland will hold bilateral talks here on matters regarding migration on Wednesday, the first of its kind between the two countries.
A Swiss delegation led by Ambassador Vincenzo Mascioli, Director International Cooperation, State Secretariat for Migration, Federal Department of Justice and Police of Switzerland, will visit Bangladesh on September 10 - 12 to attend the meeting.
The meeting will discuss bilateral cooperation in the area of migration as well as to exchange views on the regional and multilateral processes related to labour migration, said the Swiss Embassy in Dhaka.
Labour migration (particularly to the Gulf region) is an important instrument for Bangladesh to address the growing needs for employment and job creation, it said.
The migrant workers sometimes are faced with complex challenges both at home and in their countries of destination.
Switzerland is working with Bangladesh at local, national and global levels to facilitate a safer migration experience for the migrant workers.
The Swiss delegation will travel to Narsingdi district on September 12 to visit the Return and Reintegration Project of Migrant Workers in Bangladesh, which is implemented by BRAC and co-funded by Switzerland and Denmark.
The project aims to make reintegration economically and socially sustainable for returnee migrants, so that they do not feel obliged to re-migrate.
The Swiss delegation will also meet with the representatives of the Bangladeshi civil society, diplomatic community and development agencies during their visit to Bangladesh.
Aboard The Ocean Viking, Sept 9 (AP/UNB) — A charity ship run by humanitarian groups in the Mediterranean spent a rainy Sunday searching open waters for a fragile rubber boat overloaded with migrants before finally plucking 50 people to safety not far off Libya's coast.
The Norwegian-flagged Ocean Viking, which is operated jointly by SOS Mediterranee and Doctors Without Borders, sent its own boats to pick up a pregnant woman close to full term, 12 minors and 37 men, all from sub-Saharan Africa.
"God bless you!" one of the men told the rescuers as they passed life vests to the wet and barefoot passengers.
At least two people feeling ill collapsed upon arrival on the Ocean Viking, while three others were soaked in fuel and two were suffering from mild hypothermia. The operation was witnessed by an Associated Press journalist aboard the ship, which found the migrant boat some 14 nautical miles (16 statute miles) from Libya.
The rescue occurred 14 hours after the Ocean Viking as well as Libyan, Italian and Maltese authorities, the United Nations' refugee agency and Moonbird, a humanitarian observation plane, received an email by Alarm Phone, a hotline for migrants. It was an urgent call seeking help for the rubber boat carrying 50 people without a working engine.
The Ocean Viking, which was already in the Libyan search and rescue zone of the central Mediterranean, informed all authorities that it was beginning an active search for the migrant boat. Throughout the morning, the charity ship chased several objects spotted on the horizon, including what turned out to be a floating palm leaf tangled with fishing gear and an empty small fishing boat.
Throughout the morning, the ship tried to contact Libyan officials without success. The AP journalist witnessed at least three phone calls to the Libyan Joint Rescue and Coordination Center that went unanswered.
The blue rubber boat jammed with the migrants was finally spotted on the horizon near a fishing boat at 1:30 p.m. The fishing boat did not respond to radio contact by the Ocean Viking, which then launched its rescue boats.
At 2:30 p.m., the Libyan Coastguard finally answered the phone and the Ocean Viking reported that its crew was in the process of rescuing the migrants.
A European Union plane taking part in the Operation Sophia anti-human trafficking operation flew over the Ocean Viking, the migrant boat and the fishing boat multiple times shortly before the people were rescued.
As required by maritime law, the ship asked Libyan authorities responsible for rescue coordination in that part of the Mediterranean to provide a place of safety to disembark the rescued migrants, but it also made the same request to Italian and Maltese officials. There was no immediate response.
International migration and human rights bodies say Libya is not a place of safety, and Doctors Without Borders does not consider any North African country safe for disembarkation of the migrants.
But for more than a year, migrant rescues performed by non-governmental groups have frequently led to sometimes weeks-long standoffs trying to get European authorities to allow migrants to be landed.