Ozark, Jul 27 (AP/UNB) — An amateur photographer has snapped some startling gone-in-a-gulp images of a venomous snake devouring an unlucky bug at Ozark National Forest in Arkansas.
Charlton McDaniel of Fort Smith says he was "fascinated and captivated" to see a copperhead eat a newly emerged cicada at dusk on July 17.
The 42-year-old McDaniel told The Associated Press that he was in the forest for some moonlight kayaking when he noticed a molting cicada.
McDaniel says the snake showed up, and he twice scared off the reptile. McDaniel says he went to his vehicle and when he returned the snake grabbed the insect.
McDaniel says the copperhead became aware of his presence, finished swallowing the cicada and slithered off.
Dhaka, July 27 (UNB) - Most of us are familiar with the germ-fearing character of Dr Sheldon Cooper played by Jim Parsons in the CBS television series The Big Bang Theory. He is so apprehensive of germs and contracting an infection that he once even alienated his friend and moved to another table just because he sneezed. This fear of germs or contamination is termed as ‘Mysophobia’ and is very common.
“Mysophobia is often related to an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). These obsessions are persistent, repeated and unwanted urges that often lead to distress and anxiety. People with Mysophobia struggle to comprehend which situations are unsafe, as they feel vulnerable and panic even while encountering daily scenarios which may involve even a probable chance of coming in contact with germs,” says Dr Binita Priyambada, senior consultant, medical team at Docprime.com.
Patients suffering from Mysophobia take stringent measure to avoid contamination and tend to keep the spaces they visit or live in, spick and span.
People with a history of depression or anxiety in their family are at a greater risk of contracting a phobia. Some people may develop this condition after experiencing a disturbing event, while others may simply focus on germs as a repercussion to their anxiety. Some experts are of the opinion that increased use of products such as hand sanitizers, and toilet seat covers, that promote hygiene, have significantly contributed to the rise of this condition.
People suffering from OCD are also at a greater risk for suffering from the condition as they may have obsessive thoughts and apprehensions relating to germs and this may lead them to feel the compulsion to sanitise or clean their surrounding including the workplace or house in order to stay wary of germs.
What are the possible symptoms of Mysophobia?
*Avoiding places which are perceived as dirty
*Spending a lot of time in cleaning and decontaminating the surroundings
*Obsessively washing hands
*Refusing the use and sharing of personal items
*Avoiding physical contact with others
*Avoiding crowded places
*When a person is exposed to germs, they may experience symptoms such as an increased heart rate, shortness of breath, panic, sweating, etc.
Complications associated with Mysophobia
As sanitisation levels have arisen in wealthy economies, doctors and scientists have noticed that auto immune or allergic diseases such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease have started becoming much common among children of these countries. “In fact doctors have found correlation between lack exposure to common contaminants in childhood and these diseases. Most doctors now agree that children need to be exposed to various microorganisms in the surroundings in order to build a strong and self-sufficient immune system from an early age,” adds Dr Priyambada.
David Strachan first elaborated on this in the year 1989, calling it the “hygiene hypothesis”. The hypothesis stated that “people exposed to a diversity of microorganisms early in life lower their risk of allergic diseases like asthma, eczema, seasonal allergies, and even autoimmune disorders such as arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease.” This hypothesis has gained a lot of acceptance in the last few decades. Therefore, going overboard with taking preventive measures such as excessive use of decontaminants and sanitisers, in order to avoid exposure to germs inhibits the full development of the immune system. This puts the patient at a risk of contracting multiple ailments when exposed to normal flora and fauna in their environment.
What it means for everyday life is that while bathing and hand wash and basic cleaning practices are good for health, various commercial products marketed as antiseptic hand rubs, antibacterial soaps, vaginal wash etc. are best avoided.
Diagnosis and treatment
If the fear of germs interferes with a person’s daily life and s/he finds it difficult to socialise then a therapist must be consulted. The patient may visit a therapist at the earliest for timely diagnosis and treatment. If the therapist concludes that a person is suffering from Mysophobia, he may ask the patient to undergo some therapy sessions. The patient may also be prescribed medications to ensure that the symptoms do not worsen or aggravate.
However, in order to receive optimal treatment, the patient will need to be open up to the therapist so that the extent of the problem can be determined and an accurate treatment plan can be curated and implemented.
Dhaka, July 27 (UNB) - No matter what your skin type is, a good night skincare regime is a must for everyone. Our skin and body repair and rejuvenate themselves the most while we are asleep and that is when all products are known to work effectively. So it is vital to have an appropriate night time skincare routine which will help nourish and hydrate the skin.
To help you maintain the glow of your skin, Naina Ruhail, co-founder, Vanity Wagon shares a few simple tips to follow according to your skin type.
Oily skin: Everyone with oily skin must use gentle products that do not over-dry the skin, and also prevent breakouts. Start by removing your make-up with a gentle cleansing lotion, and follow up with an oil control face wash, and a toner to hydrate your skin. After cleansing and toning, make sure you pat on a facial oil to counter the loss of nourishment. In the end, moisturise with a light-weight and non-greasy formula to lock in the goodness. You must also scrub and mask twice a week to upkeep the skin, remove the dead skin cells, and unclog the pores.
Dry skin: If your skin feels tingly and tight, has a flaky appearance and tends to peel off in case you do not hydrate it properly then it needs intense nourishment and love. Dry skin often has a dull appearance and is also quite itchy, especially in extreme weather conditions. But you can balance your skin’s vital levels with an extensive night care routine.
Pick a chemical-free face wash to gently remove the dirt and impurities. Use rose water or an alcohol-free toner to restore the skin’s pH balance. Spray an activated hydrator, pat in a rich serum or facial oil and moisturise to set everything in. Make sure you wait a minute before each step to let the product seep in well.
Indulging in gentle scrubbing, masking and using a body butter is also a great way to prevent dryness.
Sensitive skin is very fragile and difficult to treat as it can react adversely to any product anytime. People with sensitive skin often suffer from unexpected redness and blotchiness when exposed to extreme weather conditions or even a slightly polluted environment. Though nothing can be done to change the skin type, one can surely treat it better with an effective and thoughtful nigh time routine.
Start with gently removing your makeup or dirt with cleansing milk and then wash it with a mild cleanser, followed by applying a toner. Then apply a healing and nourishing face oil. Facial oils soothe the easily irritable skin and prevent unexpected reactions. After applying the oil, moisturise as usual and get to bed.
Apart from following these routines, indulging in a stress-relieving bath, eating clean and working out also helps in keeping the skin healthy and glowing.
Dhaka, July 27 (UNB) - Gurmar or Gymnema Sylvestre is a tropical plant that is indigenous to India and grows wild in the tropical forests of central, western and southern parts of the country. The medicinal herb also grows in the tropical areas of Africa, Australia, and China. Known for its Ayurvedic properties, gurmar has proven to be beneficial in managing various ailments like diabetes, malaria and even snake bites and digestion issues. Due to the presence of flavonoids, cinnamic acid, folic acid, and ascorbic acid, gurmar leaves are high in antioxidants, reportsThe Indian Express.
A study published in Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants says that gurmar, which translates to ‘destroyer of sugar’, is rich in several active compounds like gymnemic acid, gymnemasides, anthraquinones, flavones, hentriacontane, pentatriacontane, phytin, resins, tartaric acid, formic acid, butyric acid, lupeol and alkaloid like gymnamine, which make it rich in antidiabetic properties.
According to WebMD, “Gymnema contains substances that decrease the absorption of sugar from the intestine. Gymnema may also increase the amount of insulin in the body and increase the growth of cells in the pancreas, which is the place in the body where insulin is made.”
It is said that having one teaspoon of powdered gurmar leaves with water half an hour after lunch and dinner may help regulate the absorption of carbohydrates in the body. Also, the gymnemic acids in the herb blocks the sugar receptors on your tongue, decreasing your ability to taste sweetness. This can lead to reduced sugar cravings.
The wonder herb is also known to aid weight loss with research indicating that consuming the leaves for 12 weeks can help reduce the body weight and body mass index in overweight people.
Dhaka, July 27 (UNB) - It is not just the skin, even your hair and scalp fall victim to the pollution and rains during the monsoons. The situation is further aggravated by sweat, which attracts dust particles and other polluted elements. Which is why it becomes necessary to take extra care of your hair and scalp during the monsoon season, reports The Indian Express.
To help you manage such problems better, we have listed are some commonly seen hair and scalp problems which get aggravated during the rains, along with ways to tackle them.
As hair tends to get wet during this season, it gets frizzy and looks untidy. “People usually opt to oil their scalp after washing, but a massage only improves the circulation and is good for the outer layer as it protects the hair and scalp like a hat. It, however, does not seep into the hair shaft. It is, therefore, recommended to use an anti frizz serum after you wash and towel dry your hair,” says Dr Jamuna Pai, SkinLab.
UV damage to hair
Besides damaging the shaft of the hair, UV rays also alters the natural colour and the texture of the hair, especially if you have coloured your hair. The rain and dirt change the colour that has been used on your shaft and also shorten the longevity of the hair colour. Always use shampoos formulated for protecting hair colour. Cover your hair with a nice umbrella whenever you step out of the house.
This is probably the most common scalp problem one comes across. Thorough and frequent shampooing is a good way to rapidly remove the scales. Using a medicated shampoo containing ketoconazole, selenium sulphide or zinc pyrithione once a week helps in removing the scales as well as in decreasing the production of scales.
Oiliness of scalp and hair
This is due to the production of natural scalp oil mixed with rain water. Use a shampoo that is gentle enough for daily use but strong enough to cleanse your scalp. Remember to apply the conditioner only on the ends of your hair. Finally, when shampooing and conditioning the hair, switch from warm water to cool water after you’ve thoroughly rinsed away the conditioner. The cool water will shrink the opening of the hair follicles and slow down the oil production.
Fungal infection of scalp
Maintaining hair and scalp hygiene is the key to keep away fungal infections of the scalp, which is common during the monsoon season. Using an anti-fungal lotion to cleanse the scalp under a physician’s guidance will definitely help.
The hair tends loose its shine and lustre during the rainy season. Take half a cup of apple cider vinegar and dilute it with a cup full of water and pour this on your hair after shampooing, recommends Dr Pai. It helps restore the shine if your hair has been damaged by the sun and has become dry and brittle.
When exposed to sun rays for a long duration, your hair can brittle. At such times, it is advised to increase protein intake and take biotin supplements. Biotin vitamin helps in hair growth and even loss of hair loss or brittle and weak hair. But consult an expert before consuming trying biotin supplements.