Dhaka, July 15 (UNB) - icddr,b’s globally recognised diagnostic centre at Mohakhali on Monday started providing round-the-clock services.
This will inevitably distribute the patient volume throughout the day and effectively reduce the waiting time for them, icddr,b said on Monday.
icddr,b laboratories are the only labs in Bangladesh accredited under International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 15189 (quality and competence) and ISO 15190 (safety) for 400+ different tests and parameters.
Senior Director, Laboratory Sciences and Services Division at icddr,b Dr Niyaz Ahmed said while this extension of operation will cost them additional resources, they would like to make their services more accessible to all walks of life.
“Our highly skilled, dedicated scientists and clinicians, along with state-of-the-art laboratories will now be able to serve more patients with high quality diagnosis which they have always been relied on.”
Sydney, July 12 (Xinhua/UNB)-- An Australian study has revealed that eating a high fiber diet during pregnancy could dramatically reduce the risk of preeclampsia, a serious illness which the study has also shown could lead to allergies and autoimmune illnesses in babies later in life.
Researchers from the University of Sydney's (UoS) Charles Perkins Centre, the Barwon Infant Study from Deakin University, Monash University, James Cook University and the Australian National University released the joint study on Wednesday.
Senior author, Professor Ralph Nanan from UoS told Xinhua that the link between diet and preeclampsia is due to acetate, a compound produced in the gut bacteria of mothers as they process fiber.
Currently, preeclampsia occurs in up to 10 percent of pregnancies and symptoms include high blood pressure, protein in the urine and severe swelling in the mother, frequently leading to preterm deliveries.
The first revelation of the study was to directly link acetate with mothers who develop preeclampsia.
"We measured acetate levels in (a group of pregnant women) and we found that mothers who developed preeclampsia have significantly lower levels of acetate than mothers who are healthy," Nanan said.
Then, through experiments on mice, the researchers showed that the development of an important immune organ called the thymus was greatly reduced but could be rescued through the acetate.
"Babies from preeclamptic pregnancies have a smaller organ, an immune organ called the thymus which sits behind your breastbone," Nanan explained.
"And the thymus is actually a very important immune organ because it produces cells which prevent allergies and autoimmune disease."
"So what this means is that we now have a mechanism to understand why a diet low in fiber, like the Western diet, is associated with more allergies and autoimmune disease later in life," he said.
Based on the research Nanan recommends pregnant women maintain a diet high in plant-based and unprocessed foods, which he said is likely to be better for health anyway.
"Eat real food, not processed food, it should mainly be plant-based, a bit of meat and a bit of fish but mostly plant-based and not too much," he said.
Nanan added that the Chinese diet which tends to include a lot of vegetables and unprocessed foods is better than the western diet which includes a high amount of preservatives.
The team responsible for the study hope that further research will confirm the link between fiber and preeclampsia and could lead to prevention of the disease as well as reduced instances of allergies and autoimmune disease later in life.
Dhaka, July 11 (UNB)- Some 80-90% of world population have been suffering from Vitamin D deficiency but mostly ignored and undiagnosed.
The main source of Vitamin D is ultraviolet ray from sunlight while sea-fish, cod liver oil, beef liver, egg yolk, milk, butter, cheese, mushroom and fortified food products like cereals, bread, yoghurt and oatmeal are food sources.
The people stay in houses and deprived of sunlight and women covered with ‘burka’, ‘hijab’ have the risk of vitamin-D deficiency.
The data and observation were disclosed at a seminar on Vitamin D deficiency held at Kurmitola General Hospital (KGH) in the city on Thursday, said a press release of Inter Service Public Relation (ISPR) Directorate.
Prof Dr Brig Gen Md Abdur Razzak, Head of Medicine Department, Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) and Asst Prof Dr Md Abdullahel Kafee, Dept. of Medicine, KGH spoke in the seminar jointly organized by Dept. of Medicine, Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) and Kurmitola General Hospital (KGH).
Maj Gen Md Fashiur Rahman, Director General Medical Services attended the seminar as chief guest, while Maj Gen Md Azizul Islam, Consultant Physician General was present as special guest with Maj Gen Md Mustafizur Rahman, Commandant of the AFMC in the chair.
Brig Gen Quazi Md Rashid-Un-Nabi, Director of the KGH delivered the welcome speech at the seminar.
Highlighting the various aspects of Vitamin D, speakers said, the main role of Vitamin D is to increase calcium absorption from the gut and bone formation. It has also immunomodulatory and anti-cancer effects, they added.
Lack of sun exposure, using sunscreen or clothing covering the whole body (Veil, Burka, Hijab, Niqab etc.), strict vegetarian diet and lack of Vitamin D containing food are responsible for Vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin D deficiency causes Ricket in children and Osteomalacia among adults. Other health hazards are backache, myalgia, muscle weakness, increased chance of cancer, immunological diseases (SLE, Rheumatoid Arthritis), infection, dental problem, neuropsychiatric disorders (Dementia, Alzheimer’s, Parkinsonism, Multiple Sclerosis, Schizophrenia) and feto-maternal complications.
The speakers said, the health awareness, lifestyle modification, sun exposure, intake of Vitamin D containing food can solve the problem easily.
They also emphasised the preventive aspects for the Vitamin D deficiency.
The doctors of KGH, Heads of the departments of AFMC, senior officials from Dhaka CMH were present at the seminar.
Newly passed Intern doctors of AFMC, currently working in CMH, Dhaka and KGH were given reception at the program which was sponsored by Beximco Pharmaceuticals Limited.
Dhaka, July 11 (UNB) - Exposure to outdoor air pollution is linked to decreased lung function and an increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study of over 300,000 people published Tuesday, reports The Indian Express.
COPD is a long-term condition linked to reduced lung function that causes inflammation in the lungs and a narrowing of the airways, making breathing difficult.
According to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, COPD is the third leading cause of death worldwide, and the number of global COPD deaths are expected to increase over the next ten years.
Lung function normally declines as we age, but the research published in the European Respiratory Journal suggests that air pollution may contribute to the ageing process and adds to the evidence that breathing in polluted air harms the lungs.
“There are surprisingly few studies that look at how air pollution affects lung health,” said Anna Hansell, a professor at the University of Leicester, UK.
The researchers used a validated air pollution model to estimate the levels of pollution that people were exposed to at their homes when they enrolled in the UK Biobank study.
The types of pollutants the researchers investigated included particulate matter (PM10), fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), which are produced by burning fossil fuels from car and other vehicle exhausts, power plants and industrial emissions.
The team then conducted multiple tests to see how long-term exposure to higher levels of the different air pollutants was linked to changes to participants’ lung function.
The participants’ age, sex, body mass index (BMI), household income, education level, smoking status, and exposure to secondhand smoke were accounted for in the analyses.
Further analyses also looked at whether working in occupations that increase the risk of developing COPD impacted disease prevalence.
The data showed that for each annual average increase of five microgrammes per cubic metre of PM2.5 in the air that participants were exposed to at home, the associated reduction in lung function was similar to the effects of two years of ageing.
When the researchers assessed COPD prevalence, they found that among participants living in areas with PM2.5 concentrations above World Health Organization (WHO) annual average guidelines of ten microgrammes per cubic meter, COPD prevalence was four times higher than among people who were exposed to passive smoking at home, and prevalence was half that of people who have ever been a smoker.
The current EU air quality limits for PM2.5 is 25 microgrammes per cubic metre, which is higher than the levels that the researchers noted as being linked to reduced lung function.
“In one of the largest analyses to date, we found that outdoor air pollution exposure is directly linked to lower lung function and increased COPD prevalence.
“We found that people exposed to higher levels of pollutants had lower lung function equivalent to at least a year of ageing,” Hansell said.
“Worryingly, we found that air pollution had much larger effects on people from lower income households. Air pollution had approximately twice the impact on lung function decline and three times the increased COPD risk on lower-income participants compared to higher-income participants who had the same air pollution exposure.
“We accounted for participants’ smoking status and if their occupation might affect lung health, and think this disparity could be related to poorer housing conditions or diet, worse access to healthcare or long-term effects of poverty affecting lung growth in childhood,” Hansell said.
Dhaka, July 11 (UNB) - Popular in many Asian cultures for its varied uses, rice water is known to be a natural cleansing option that also has numerous other benefits. Made with just rice and water where the rice has either been boiled or soaked, rice water is known to help one achieve better-looking and tighter skin without being dependent on harsh chemicals, and that too at no extra cost, reports The Indian Express.
Around 16 percent of these are proteins, the building blocks which are essential to cell health. Triglycerides and lipids each make up 10 per cent of the rice water composition while starch (an extract still used in Japanese cosmetics), is present at 9 per cent. Carbohydrates, inositol, phytic acid and inorganic substances are other components of rice water.
Boiling rice, soaking rice, or fermenting soaked rice water are three ways in which rice water can be prepared and used. The type you pick depends on the availability of time and at which consistency you want to use the rice water.
-Take half cup of uncooked rice and rinse thoroughly.
-Place the rice in a bowl with two–three cups of water. Leave to soak for 30 minutes.
-Strain the rice water into a clean bowl or bottle.
Boiling method: Cover half cup of rice with double the water typically used for cooking. Cook the rice in boiling water and strain the rice water into a clean bowl or bottle before use.
Fermented rice water: Leave the rice water to stand at room temperature for up to 12 hours before straining – allowing it to ferment. Strain the rice water into a clean bowl or bottle before use.
How to use it?
-As boiling the rice will create a concentrated batch of rice water which is stronger, one needs to mix it with clean water when using it.
Rice water by soaking is the easiest of the lot. However, since it’s not concentrated, one may run out of it faster.
-Fermenting the rice water takes the most time but the process of fermentation brings out more vitamins and nutrients.
Benefits for skin: Loaded with vitamins, minerals, and amino acids that are essential for maintaining healthy and beautiful skin, rice water contains the nourishing antioxidant ferulic acid, as well as allantoin, an organic compound that helps soothe skin. It is also known to heal skin irritation caused by sodium laurel sulfate (SLS), an ingredient found in many personal care products. Anecdotal evidence has shown that using rice water twice a day helps skin that has been damaged by SLS.
Facial cleanser: For a softer and more radiant looking skin, just pour some rice water onto a cotton pad and dab it on your face. Let your skin air dry for a few minutes. Use it every day as part of your skin care routine, or a couple of times a week. This helps provide a boost of vitamins and minerals to the skin.
Facial toner: Just pour some rice water onto a cotton pad and apply to the face. It helps tighten skin and minimise pores, keeping your skin smooth and bright.
Good for acne: The soothing effect of rice water makes it a great treatment for acne. While acting as an astringent, it helps reduce redness and helps prevent future breakouts.
Soothes sunburns: Rice water can help reduce inflammation and redness in case of sunburn. To make it extra soothing, take your rice water out of the fridge and apply it to sunburn immediately, using a cotton pad.
Benefits for the hair
Hair rinse: Rinsing your hair with rice water can add shine to your hair and help keep it strong and healthy. All you have to do is pour rice water over your hair after shampooing and conditioning and then gently massaging it into your scalp and hair, followed by rinsing with water.
Works to untangle frizzy hair and balance pH level of the scalp
In 2010, a study was published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science, where researchers clearly stated that using rice water as a hair treatment offered several benefits including improved elasticity, texture and lesser friction and frizz. This is largely due to the presence of inositol, a carbohydrate. It also helps keep the hair’s natural oils intact and its pH levels are similar to that of the scalp.