Depression among students is a critical issue that demands urgent attention. The gravity of this problem magnifies the alarming rise in dropouts from colleges, study breaks, drug addictions, even suicidal attempts among students. As parents and educators, it is essential to be proactive in addressing this crisis through understanding, support, and guidance. Let’s take a look into how to prevent depression in students. Common Reasons for Depression among Students Depression among students can be attributed to various factors, and understanding these reasons is the first step in prevention. Here are some common causes: - High expectations and academic stress can lead to feelings of hopelessness - Loneliness and a lack of social support can make students vulnerable to depression and suicidal thoughts - Bullying, whether in person or online, can devastate a student's mental health - Drug or alcohol abuse can exacerbate depression and increase the risk of suicide - Relationship problems can be a major source of stress and anxiety for students - Conflict with their parents, siblings, or friends can make them isolated and alone - Economic constraints and worries about the future can take a toll on a student's mental health - Traumatic events during childhood, like physical or emotional abuse or loss of a parent increase the risk of depression - Mental health conditions, such as bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorder can trigger depression - Having certain personality traits, such as low self-esteem or being overly dependent, self-critical, or pessimistic is a reason for depression. Read more: Protecting Your Child’s Mental Health: 10 Tips for Parents
Dengue, often referred to as break-bone fever, poses a considerable risk. The world has witnessed its spread as an epidemic, affecting millions globally. Amid this global health concern, some myths surrounding dengue are leading to misinformation and misguided treatment approaches. This article is going to debunk 10 myths about dengue. Let’s clear up these misconceptions about this formidable mosquito-borne disease for effective prevention. 10 Misconceptions about Dengue Dengue is Contagious Dengue primarily spreads through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. It is not a contagious disease. It is not transmitted through person to person contacts. While dengue is not typically transmitted from person to person, there are exceptional circumstances to consider. For instance, an infected pregnant mother can pass the virus to her developing fetus. Additionally, transmission via blood products, organ donation, and transfusions, while extremely rare, is not entirely impossible. Read more: Exploring Dengue Diagnosis: The Essential Tests for Detecting the Virus Dengue Prevails in Rural or Developing Areas This myth does not hold when examining the global reach of this infectious disease. Dengue is not limited to any specific geographical or economic boundaries. Dengue can occur in any country where the Aedes mosquito species are present. This includes tropical and sub-tropical climates worldwide, encompassing both urban and semi-urban areas. Children and Elderly Are Susceptible to Dengue It's crucial to clarify that dengue can affect individuals of all ages, regardless of their age, gender, or socioeconomic status. Dengue virus does not discriminate based on age. People of all age groups are susceptible to dengue infection, and this includes infants, children, teenagers, and adults. It's true that certain risk categories, such as children and the elderly, are more vulnerable due to their potentially weakened immune systems. However, even healthy individuals can contract dengue or develop severe symptoms. Read more: Dengue Fever: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention Any Mosquito Can Carry Dengue Virus In reality, dengue can only be transmitted through the bite of a female mosquito belonging to the Aedes Aegypti or the Aedes Albopictus species. This certain species is distinguished by its characteristic white markings on the legs. The transmission occurs when it bites an infected individual and subsequently bites a healthy and non-infected person. After an incubation period of about a week, the same mosquito can transmit the disease to another individual. It makes these particular mosquito species the primary vectors for dengue transmission. Dengue Mosquitoes Only Bite During the Day While it is true that dengue-spreading mosquitoes are more active during the daytime, their feeding habits can extend into nighttime hours. These mosquitoes are typically most active around two hours after sunrise and a few hours before sunset. However, they have been observed biting people at night, particularly in well-lit areas. One of the risk factors for nighttime exposure to dengue mosquitoes is the presence of artificial lighting. These mosquitoes can be drawn to indoor environments, including offices, malls, indoor auditoriums, and stadiums that use artificial lights throughout the day and night. Read more: How to Protect Babies and Children from Dengue Fever
Fires can be devastating, but with the right knowledge and precaution, parents can significantly reduce the risk to their children. Whether it's in the home, at school, or during family outings, understanding and implementing fire safety measures can make all the difference. In this guide, we will explore essential fire safety tips for parents to keep their children safe. 12 Fire Safety Tips for Parents to Keep Children Safe One of the elements that can be both helpful and dangerous is fire. It can happen suddenly and at any time! The first rule to cope with the situation is not to panic. Besides, parents can follow these tips to prevent any harm to their kids. Install Smoke Alarms According to the US National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), homes with working smoke alarms have a significantly lower risk of fire-related deaths. In homes where smoke alarms are working properly, the chance of death in a fire is 55% less compared to homes that either have no smoke alarms or have smoke alarms that don't work. It's essential to install smoke alarms in key areas of the home, including the kitchen, bedrooms, and hallways. The smoke alarms should be checked regularly, and change the batteries at least once a year. The children should be trained about the sound of the alarm and what to do when they hear it. Read more: Earthquake Safety Tips for Parents to Keep Children Safe Create an Escape Plan Having a well-thought-out escape plan is crucial for ensuring children's safety in the event of a fire. Parents need to discuss and practice the plan with their children regularly. A meeting place can be designated outside the house where everyone can gather. Parents need to make sure that their children know how to crawl low under smoke to avoid inhaling toxic fumes and how to feel closed doors for heat before opening them. Keep Matches and Lighters Out of Reach One of the leading causes of fire-related deaths among children is playing with fire-starting materials. Children are naturally curious, and their curiosity often leads them to explore their surroundings, including potentially dangerous items like matches and lighters. They might not fully comprehend the dangers associated with fire, making them more likely to experiment with these items. Parents should keep matches and lighters in a high, locked cabinet or drawer, out of the kids’ reaches. Additionally, children should be educated about the dangers of playing with fire and the severe consequences it can have. Read more: Multi-storey buildings being built ignoring fire safety Install Fire Extinguishers Having a fire extinguisher in the kitchen and other key areas can make a significant difference in containing a small fire before it spreads. Parents need to ensure that their children know where the fire extinguishers are located and how to use them, following the PASS method: Pull the pin, Aim the nozzle, Squeeze the handle, and Sweep from side to side. Practice Kitchen Safety The kitchen is one of the most common places for household fires to start. Children should be kept away from the kitchen when the stove and oven are on. Parents can use back burners when possible and turn pot handles inward to prevent accidental spills. Flammable objects, such as dish towels and curtains, should be away from the stove. Older children should be taught how to use kitchen appliances in a safe way. Read more: Fire Safety in Apartments: Causes and Prevention
Thriving for healthy living and aspiring for an extended life is a common pursuit. People often wonder if there are places where this aspiration transforms into reality. The Blue Zones concept seems to make that imagination come true. This article is going to decode the mysteries of living longer, healthier lives. Let’s try to hold the key to unlock an exceptional sense of well-being. What is the Blue Zone? The origins of the Blue Zone concept can be traced back to the inquisitive demographic research of Gianni Pes and Michel Poulain in 2004. Their discovery led them to Sardinia's Nuoro Province, a place so abundantly endowed with male centenarians that it earned the name. This initial revelation stirred the curiosity of explorer Dan Buettner, prompting him to unveil four additional zones of wonder. These regions each offer a distinct blend of factors contributing to the prolonged, vibrant lives of their inhabitants. Read more: 13 Tips to Avoid Mosquito Bites Blue Zone Locations around the World Nuoro Province, Sardinia, Italy Sardinia, a rugged island off the Italian mainland, where the concept of Blue Zones first took root. This remarkable enclave boasts a population where men live almost as long as women, an unusual occurrence when compared to most other regions worldwide. The diet here consists mainly of whole grains, vegetables, beans, dairy products, and limited meat consumption. Their lifestyle encourages daily chores and walking, as Sardinia is a mountainous island. Many traditional shepherds still can be found walking over five miles. Read more: Superfood Moringa Powder: Know Its Health Benefits, Side Effects Sardinians also enjoy local wine, as part of their social tradition, called Cannonau or grenache. Strong family and community ties are central to their way of life, with multiple generations often residing in the same household. In Sardinia, it's about living better and cherishing family above all else.
In recent times, there has been a surge in dengue-related deaths caused by mosquito bites. Mosquitoes, those tiny, buzzing bugs, might seem harmless, but they can be carriers of deadly diseases. To protect yourself and your loved ones from these pesky insects, it is really important to take preventive measures. In this article, we will explore some proven tips to help you avoid mosquito bites. 13 Ways to prevent Mosquito Bites Mosquito Repellent Sprays and Creams Mosquito repellent sprays and creams are your allies in the battle against these bloodthirsty insects. Sprays with DEET or picaridin create a protective barrier when applied to skin and clothing. Creams add an extra layer of defense, especially on exposed areas like the face and neck. Use both to effectively repel mosquitoes and keep those pesky insects at bay. Wear Protective Clothing Wearing protective clothing is a smart way to avoid mosquito bites. You may opt for long-sleeved shirts and pants, preferably in light colors. Mosquitoes are less attracted to light-colored clothing. By covering up, you create a physical barrier that makes it harder for mosquitoes to reach your skin. Read more: How to Protect Babies and Children from Dengue Fever Avoid Peak Mosquito Activity Avoiding peak mosquito activity hours is a practical way to minimize your risk of bites. Mosquitoes are most active during dawn and dusk. If possible, stay indoors during these times or take extra precautions when you need to be outside. By doing so, you reduce your exposure to these bloodsucking pests. Install Window Screens Installing window screens is a simple yet effective measure to prevent mosquitoes from entering your home. These screens act as a barrier, keeping mosquitoes out while allowing fresh air to flow in. By ensuring your windows and doors have screens in place, you can enjoy a mosquito-free indoor environment, especially during the warmer months. Maintain a Mosquito-Free Yard A mosquito-free yard starts with proactive steps. It is best to regularly clean your yard by removing debris and items that can collect stagnant water, like old tires or buckets. You need to ensure trash cans are tightly sealed to prevent them from becoming mosquito breeding grounds. Additionally, you should be concerned about emptying containers that collect rainwater, such as flower pots and bird baths, to eliminate potential mosquito breeding sites. By doing so, you create an environment that's less welcoming to these disease-carrying insects. Read more: Best Foods to Increase Platelets in Dengue Fever Use Mosquito Nets Using mosquito nets is a practical solution, especially when sleeping outdoors. Mosquito nets create a physical barrier between you and mosquitoes protecting you throughout the night. You have to simply suspend the netting over your sleeping area to keep those insects at bay, ensuring a peaceful and bite-free night's sleep.
The rainy season brings the challenge of keeping clothes fresh and dry. Due to the high humidity levels in monsoon, damp clothes bear an unpleasant, and musty smell. Furthermore, wearing these can lead to infection and cold. Let’s take a look into some effective ways to protect clothes from moisture and germs on the wettest of days. Tips to Keep Laundry Clean and Hygienic in Rainy Season Washing Clothes Immediately It’s recommended to wash clothes immediately after exposure to rain. Prompt washing prevents dirt, bacteria, and musty odors from setting in, ensuring clothes stay fresh and clean throughout the damp weather. Prioritizing Clothes for Laundry During the rainy season, it’s better to prioritize important clothes for laundry. Washing essential items promptly ensures fresh and clean clothes when one needs them the most. This keeps important clothes ready to wear, regardless of the weather outside. Read more: 10-Step Korean Skin Care Routine Pre-soaking Before Washing Pre-soaking clothes before washing is like a game changer during the rainy season. One needs to fill a bucket with water and a little detergent, then soak clothes for 30 minutes. This helps remove dirt, sweat, and odors, keeping them fresh and clean. Using Scented Detergent One may opt for scented detergent while washing clothes during the rainy season. The pleasant fragrance will help combat any musty odor caused by dampness, leaving clothes smelling fresh and clean even in the rainy weather. Using Fabric Conditioner Using fabric conditioner during the rainy season is one of the best tips to keep clothes fresh and soft. It not only adds a delightful fragrance but also helps to reduce static and make clothes more comfortable to wear. Additionally, it ensures that clothes stay in great condition throughout the damp weather. Read more: Monsoon Hair Fall Prevention: How to Care for Hair during Rainy Season Using Vinegar in the Wash Adding a cup of white vinegar to laundry can work wonders for eliminating odors from clothes. Apart from acting as a natural fabric softener, vinegar is also an effective antibacterial agent. The result is fresh-smelling and sanitized garments, ensuring optimal hygiene during the monsoon. Washing in Small Batches It’s clever to avoid washing clothes in big batches during the rainy season. Washing smaller loads allows for better cleaning and drying, preventing dampness and musty smells. Moreover, it helps clothes to stay fresh. Removing Clothes Fast from Washing Machine To keep clothes fresh, it would be wise to promptly remove them from the washing machine when the cycle ends. Leaving wet clothes sitting can lead to mildew and musty odors. By taking them out immediately, one can prevent dampness and ensure clothes stay clean and smell fresh. Read more: How to find right perfume, body spray for you
This year, the sweltering summer heat is lingering, and the monsoon's arrival remains elusive. With soaring heat, the anticipation for the much-awaited monsoon grows. However, with refreshing rain and lush greenery, monsoon comes with some challenges, particularly for our hair. The rainy season can lead to several hair problems, with hair fall being a common concern. So, let’s explore why it occurs and essential tips to care for hair during this damp and humid season. Why do we lose hair during monsoon? According to a research study published by the World Trichology Society, people tend to experience approximately 30% more hair loss during the monsoon season than other times of the year. During this time, the atmosphere becomes more humid, causing the hair to absorb excess moisture. This makes the hair shaft swell, weakening its structure. Additionally, the scalp becomes more susceptible to fungal infections due to the accumulation of sweat and dirt. These factors collectively contribute to increased hair fall during the rainy season. Furthermore, the change in weather conditions affects our hair growth cycle. The hair follicles may enter a resting phase, leading to excessive shedding. Moreover, the lack of proper care during this period exacerbates the issue, resulting in dull, lifeless, and fragile hair. Read more: Which is the Best Country for Hair Transplant? How to care for hair during rainy season Keeping hair dry As much as possible, one should try to keep hair dry during the rainy season. Try to use an umbrella or a raincoat with a hood to protect your hair from getting drenched. If your hair gets wet, make sure to dry it gently and completely as soon as you can. Cleaning hair regularly Frequent shampooing is essential during the monsoon to cleanse the scalp and hair from sweat, dirt, and excess oil. It would be better to opt for a mild, pH-balanced shampoo that suits an individual's hair type. Avoiding hot water is highly suggested, as it can strip hair of its natural oils, leading to dryness and frizz. Conditioning hair properly Conditioning is a vital step in monsoon hair care. Experts suggest applying a good-quality conditioner from mid-length to the ends of the hair after shampooing. This helps to restore moisture and smooth down the cuticles, reducing frizz and breakage. Read more: What's Hair Transplant and What are the Most Popular Methods? Combing wisely For a proper monsoon hair care routine, it would be great to use a wide-toothed comb to detangle gently. It ensures enough space between the teeth to prevent hair breakage. One should avoid combing wet hair immediately to minimise breakage. Also, refraining from sharing combs, especially during the monsoon, reduces the risk of fungal infections and helps to maintain healthier hair. Avoiding hairstyling when wet Trying hairstyles with wet hair is highly discouraged, as it weakens the hair follicles and leads to increased breakage. Wet hair is more susceptible to damage, and the tension from combing can cause stress on the already fragile strands. It would be the best option to allow hair to dry naturally before styling it to maintain strong and healthy hair.
Heading to the gym is undoubtedly an excellent way to stay in shape. However, as a beginner, it's crucial to remain vigilant about potential hazards lurking in the fitness centre. From equipment misuse to improper form, maintaining awareness is important. Let’s take a look into precautions against the probable risks and accidental hazards that may occur in fitness centres and gyms. Common Risks and Safety Tips for the Gym Equipment Malfunction At the heart of the gym, the equipment is the lifeblood of your workouts. However, beneath the gleaming exterior, the potential for malfunctions lurks ominously. From treadmills suddenly accelerating to weight machines with faulty mechanisms, equipment failures can lead to accidents and injuries. How to Avoid Vigilance is your first line of defence. Always inspect the equipment before use, looking for any signs of wear or damage. Report any issues immediately to gym staff. Furthermore, follow proper usage guidelines and familiarise yourself with the emergency stop buttons on cardio machines. Read more: Zumba: Dance Your Way into Fitness Improper Form and Technique As you strive for fitness prowess, the tendency to lift heavier or pushing beyond your limits beckons. But heed this cautionary tale: improper form and technique poses an insidious threat. Incorrect postures and movements increase the risk of musculoskeletal injuries and strain. How to Avoid Educate yourself by seeking guidance from certified fitness trainers. Embrace the value of a proper warm-up, allowing your body to prepare for the task at hand. Engaging in strength training requires a focus on the quality of movement rather than how much weight is being lifted. Controlled motions at slow pace with mindful breathing can pave the path to safer gains. Strains and Sprains In the pursuit of your fitness goals, strains and sprains lie in wait, eager to derail your journey. These common injuries can arise from overexertion, abrupt movements, or inadequate recovery, leaving you in discomfort. Read more: 10 Energy Healing Methods: Which One is Right for You? How to Avoid Listen to your body's cues. Respect its limits and incorporate sufficient rest periods between intense workouts. Engaging in dynamic stretches before exercise and static stretches afterward help improve flexibility and reduce the risk of injury. If you experience any discomfort, promptly address it with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) techniques.
Dengue fever is a prevalent mosquito-borne viral disease that affects people of all ages, including babies and children. It is caused by the dengue virus, which is primarily transmitted through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. In Bangladesh, dengue fever poses a significant health risk, particularly during the monsoon season when mosquito population increases. So during this time taking proper measurements to safeguard people especially babies and children from dengue fever is very important. Dengue Symptoms in Babies and Children Recognising the symptoms of dengue fever in babies and children is crucial for timely intervention. While some individuals may experience mild symptoms or remain asymptomatic, others may develop severe manifestations. Common signs of dengue fever in babies and children are included below. - High fever often reaching 104°F (40°C) or higher for 2 to 7 days- Rash usually after the fever subsides- HeadacheBody aches includeing joint and muscle pain - Nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite- Fatigue and weakness- Bleeding from the nose, gums, or small bruises in severe casesEye Pain Read more: Read more: Dengue Fever: Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention It's important to note that symptoms can vary from mild to severe, and some children may not exhibit all of these symptoms. If you suspect your child has dengue fever, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. 10 Prevention Measures to Save Babies and Children from Dengue Protecting babies and children from dengue fever requires a comprehensive approach that focuses on prevention. Here are ten essential tips to safeguard babies and children from dengue fever. Eliminate Mosquito Breeding Sites Mosquitoes that transmit the dengue virus breed in standing water. Try to regularly inspect your surroundings and eliminate any sources of stagnant water. It would be wise to empty and clean water containers such as flower pots, buckets, and pet bowls, ensuring that water storage tanks are tightly covered. Also discard any items that can collect water, such as old tyres or unused containers. Overall try to keep your surroundings clean and tidy. Read more: Dengue Prevention: 10 Home Remedies to Repel Mosquitoes Use Mosquito Nets and Screens When your child is sleeping, you can ensure a mosquito-free sleep environment by installing fine mesh mosquito nets over beds and windows. Make sure the nets are properly tucked in and free from holes. This creates a physical barrier that effectively prevents mosquito bites. Wear Protective Clothing It is suggested to dress your child in clothing that covers their arms, legs, and feet. Lightweight, loose-fitting, long-sleeved shirts and long pants are recommended. Tucking the pants into socks and choosing closed-toe shoes can further reduce exposed skin. Light-colored clothing is preferable as mosquitoes are attracted to darker colors. Add Immunity Boosting Foods to Diet Having a strong immune system provides better defense against diseases, including dengue fever. Enhancing immunity can be achieved by incorporating certain foods into your children's diet. These include yogurt, turmeric, ginger, garlic, spinach, citrus fruits, and almonds, all of which contribute to strengthening the immune system. Read more: Best Foods to Increase Platelets in Dengue Fever
When tourists and travellers embark on their adventures, they often seek out new experiences and explore unfamiliar environments. Unfortunately, open water accidents and drowning incidents can occur, posing a significant risk to their safety. Lack of swimming skills, underestimating water conditions, lack of awareness about local safety measures, and unfamiliarity with the water environment are mainly responsible for the accidents. It is crucial for tourists and travellers, especially those going into the ocean, river, or any open water bodies, to be aware of the potential dangers and take necessary precautions to prevent drowning. Open Water Safety Tips for Tourists Learn Swimming Skills It is highly recommended to have basic swimming skills before going into open water. Travellers need to take swimming lessons to improve their abilities and build confidence. Knowing how to float, tread water, and swim basic strokes can significantly enhance your safety in the water. Stay within Your Comfort Zone It's essential to assess one’s own swimming abilities and stay within one’s comfort zone. Avoid venturing into deep or fast-flowing water, if one is not confident. It’s always safe not to attempt activities beyond your own skill level, such as diving in unfamiliar areas or swimming long distances without proper training. When the tourists attempt to swim in a new area, they should try to stick where they feel comfortable and safe, considering their swimming proficiency and experience. Read more: United efforts needed to prevent death in drowning: Ambassador Mustafizur Take Local Advice Bangladesh is known for its vast network of rivers, and some areas have strong currents. It would be better to familiarise yourself with the water conditions and potential hazards in the specific location you plan to visit. Currents can be unpredictable, so it is important to understand their behaviour and take necessary precautions. Travellers can seek advice from local authorities, experienced water sports professionals, or knowledgeable guides. The local people can provide valuable insights about the local water conditions, any specific precautions to take, and areas to avoid. Observe Warning Signs Experts suggest paying close attention to warning signs, flags, or instructions from local authorities regarding water conditions. These signs may indicate high tide, strong currents, dangerous areas, or any other potential hazards. Tourists should always follow these guidelines to ensure their own safety. Wear a Life Jacket If you are not a strong swimmer or when participating in activities like boating, kayaking, or rafting, wearing a properly fitted life jacket or personal flotation device (PFD) can enhance safety. Life jackets provide buoyancy and can save lives in the event of an accident or unexpected water conditions. Besides, it is necessary to ensure the life jacket is in good condition and properly fastened. Read more: Bangladesh leads WHO in adopting resolutions to reduce drowning mortality