Los Angeles, Jun 23 (AP/UNB) — Academy Award-winning actor Geena Davis says achieving gender parity on screen is simple, and it could happen overnight.
"Just go through (the script) and cross out a bunch of male first names and put female first names. That's all you have to do," Davis told the audience during a panel Saturday at AT&T's SHAPE media conference in the Los Angeles suburb of Burbank.
Davis joined fellow actor Mayim Bialik on stage at the conference to discuss how gender parity in media can create social change. The conversation revolved around the need for diversity on screen to break stereotypes and encourage young people to pursue careers they might otherwise have felt were off limits to them.
"Of course, why wouldn't we need to see people who are like us to be able to imagine what we could become?" Bialik said.
The panel was born from a study conducted by the Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media that found women felt encouraged to pursue scientific, medical and engineering (STEM) careers because of "X-Files" character Dana Scully, an FBI agent and medical doctor. Of the women surveyed in the study, 63 percent of those working in a STEM field said Scully served as a role model for them growing up.
Bialik, who also holds a doctorate in neuroscience and recently wrapped her time playing the role of neuroscientist Amy Farrah Fowler on "The Big Bang Theory," said seeing characters like Scully on screen and having real-life mentors is crucial for young women to pursue careers in science, medicine and engineering.
"I was raised in a climate where if you didn't learn things as fast as the boys, it meant that it wasn't for you," Bialik said. It's important "to have a mentor, to have someone that you can see is living the life of a scientist and also has a social life — all the things that the lone scientist in the laboratory stereotype doesn't give us."
"You're seeing the full, complicated, amazing woman living life as a scientist," Bialik said of characters like Scully and Fowler. "That's what I needed as a young girl that wasn't there for me."
This doesn't just apply for gender, either. The panelists said that all forms of diversity on screen are necessary, pointing to films like "Hidden Figures," which is about the key role a group of African-American women played in the U.S. space program, as leading the way for more complex stories on people of any gender or race.
"As much as people think Hollywood is liberal and open-minded and progressive thinking, they're doing a worse job of reflecting society than the abysmal numbers in real life," Davis said. "If we show it, it will happen in real life."
Dhaka, Jun 23 (AP/UNB) - It remains the most widely used anesthetic in U.S. hospitals, but many patients still remember propofol as the drug that killed Michael Jackson.
Most are no longer afraid of it, doctors say, though many still ask if they will get "the Michael Jackson drug" before an operation. And most of them will.
Jackson died 10 years ago at his Los Angeles home after receiving a lethal dose of the drug intended for use only during surgery and other medical procedures — not for insomnia.
As Jackson rehearsed for his comeback tour, he struggled to sleep. Prosecutors said Jackson's personal doctor Conrad Murray gave the singer propofol, as he had many times before, then left him unattended. Murray, who maintains his innocence, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in 2011.
A look at the history and safety of propofol:
MILK OF AMNESIA
Jackson called propofol his "milk." It's a white, oily solution injected into a vein. It acts fast, in about 40 seconds, and wears off quickly too. Patients wake up with no hangover or nausea. They don't remember much, earning the drug its nickname "milk of amnesia."
Propofol was a noteworthy advance when it was launched in the late 1980s, but it almost didn't make it out of the lab. An early version caused allergic reactions.
Discoverer John B. Glen kept at it and found a better formula using soybean oil. Thirteen years after its discovery, propofol rapidly replaced sodium thiopental in most operating rooms. Up to 50 million U.S. patients receive propofol annually.
The World Health Organization deemed it an "essential medicine." Glen, who retired from the pharmaceutical firm AstraZeneca, was honored with the prestigious Lasker medical research award last year.
HOW SAFE IS IT?
Because propofol lowers blood pressure and suppresses breathing, patients need to be monitored.
"It's quite safe in an anesthesiologist's hands," said Dr. Beverly Philip of the American Society of Anesthesiologists.
These days, patients aren't as afraid of going under, she said. "Now it's more of a matter of curiosity rather than being afraid for their own safety."
Dr. Steven Shafer of Stanford University, a propofol expert who testified at Murray's trial, endorses the appropriate use of propofol.
"Michael Jackson was killed by a reckless and incompetent physician," he said.
Police rarely encounter the drug. It's not a controlled substance under federal law.
There's little abuse in the general public. Almost all cases involve health care workers. They steal it at work to get a pleasant but dangerous high. At least 18 deaths were reported among medical professionals from 1992 to 2009.
University of Utah psychiatrist Dr. Brian Mickey is studying propofol for depression in people who don't get relief from medications or psychotherapy. Other treatments may include brain stimulation such as electroconvulsive therapy, but that can have side effects such as confusion and memory loss.
Mickey and his colleagues published a preliminary study last year that tested a series of high doses of propofol in 10 patients with moderate to severe depression. Half improved and maintained better moods for three months.
Now the researchers are planning a larger study that will test propofol against a sedative called midazolam.
Mickey doesn't know how propofol may help depression, but said it may be triggering the brain to reorganize itself. It may be "coaxing the brain into getting unstuck from this bad, depressed state that it's in," he said.
The study was done in a hospital with an anesthesiologist giving propofol through an IV.
"Don't do this at home," Mickey said.
Los Angeles, June 22 (AP/UNB) — A look at the status of the major figures in the life and death of Michael Jackson after 10 years, starting with the King of Pop himself:
MICHAEL JACKSON: Jackson, who would be 60 years old were he alive, was rehearsing for a tour intended to rehabilitate his career, finances and image when he died at age 50 of an overdose of the anesthetic propofol on June 25, 2009. His death would be a watershed moment, with an outpouring of public affection expressed in an era of burgeoning social media. There was a public memorial service viewed around the world, and a revival of his music and stardom. Posthumous albums, a film drawn from the rehearsals for his final tour and a pair of Cirque du Soleil shows using his music helped him become as profitable a pop star in death as he was in life. Allegations of child molestation that dogged him in his final years and peaked with a 2005 trial that ended in his acquittal on criminal charges were mostly forgotten, at least until a revival of them in a documentary earlier this year . He was buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California, nearly two months after his death.
JOSEPH JACKSON, FATHER: Joe Jackson died on June 27, 2018 , at age 89, becoming the only person in Michael Jackson's immediate family who has passed in the decade since the singer's death. A demanding and fearsome patriarch who guided his son's career through The Jackson 5 and early solo years, Joe Jackson had a difficult relationship with his son. He was omitted from his son's will, and waged a fruitless legal battle seeking compensation. He was buried in the same cemetery as his son.
KATHERINE JACKSON, MOTHER: Now 89, Katherine Jackson became more famous after her son's death than she had ever been. She received roughly half her son's estate in his will, and acted as guardian to his three young children immediately after his death, a role her nephew T.J. Jackson has shared in recent years. She was the lead plaintiff in a wrongful death lawsuit against concert promoter AEG Live, alleging that the company's hiring of Dr. Conrad Murray, the physician who administered the drugs that killed Jackson, made the company responsible for his death. A jury rejected the claim in 2015.
JANET JACKSON, SISTER: The only one of Michael Jackson's siblings who has remotely approached her brother's success as a solo artist, Janet Jackson, 53, has remained popular in the decade since her brother's death. She appeared in films including 2010's "For Colored Girls," and released a self-help book titled "True You: A Journey to Finding and Loving Yourself" in 2011. That same year she went on a 35-city greatest hits concert tour, and was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame earlier this year. She has also focused on charity work and caring for her son, who was born in January 2017.
JACKIE, TITO, MARLON, JERMAINE AND RANDY JACKSON, BROTHERS: Jackson's brothers have kept the family act alive since his death with tours, recordings and shows in various groupings and as solo artists. Many of the siblings, all of whom were left out of Michael's will, were harshly critical of the administration of Jackson's estate. Youngest brother Randy — who does not tour with his brothers but has co-founded a label with sister Janet — has accused the executors of fraud. The brothers were quick to defend Michael's legacy when the HBO documentary "Leaving Neverland" was released this year. They immediately left a tour of Australia to give interviews. "I thought, 'Oh here we go again,'" Jackson's oldest brother, Jackie, told The Associated Press in February. Tito Jackson added, "He's not here no more. He's passed, and, we're his brothers, we're supposed to do this."
LA TOYA AND REBBIE JACKSON, SISTERS
La Toya Jackson, now 63, was among the first family members to arrive at the Los Angeles hospital where her brother was declared dead, and is listed on his death certificate as the person who officially gave notice of his death. A minor pop star who frequently appeared in tabloids in the 1980s and 1990s, LaToya Jackson's career has been mostly in reality TV in the past decade. She was a contestant on "Celebrity Apprentice," and had her own reality show, "Life With La Toya," on Oprah Winfrey's OWN cable channel for two seasons starting in 2013. Maureen "Rebbie" Jackson, at 69 the eldest of the Jackson children, is a singer who has continued recording and touring in the past 10 years.
MICHAEL JOSEPH JACKSON II, SON: Michael Jackson's oldest child, who goes by "Prince," was 12 when his father died and is now 22. He graduated in May from Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, where he got a bachelor's degree in business administration. He shared graduation-day photos of himself with relatives on an Instagram account where he posts often, leading a relatively public life compared to his childhood, when his father often had him and his two siblings wear masks in public. After their father's death, the three kids were raised by their grandmother Katherine Jackson and cousin T.J. Jackson.
PARIS JACKSON, DAUGHTER: Now 21, Paris at 11 years old became the public face of grief for the singer when she took the microphone in tears at her father's public memorial and said, "I just want to say, ever since I was born, Daddy has been the best father you could ever imagine. And I just want to say I love him so much." She told Rolling Stone in a 2017 interview that she struggled with drugs and depression in the years after her father's death and attempted suicide in 2015 before finding sobriety and stability. She has dabbled in modeling, acting and music and is a sought-after celebrity who is also subject of intense tabloid interest. "Basically, as a person, she is who my dad is," her big brother Prince Jackson told Rolling Stone , "in all of her strengths, and almost all her weaknesses as well. She's very passionate." She told the magazine she has at least nine tattoos devoted to her father. "He brought me nothing but joy," Paris Jackson said. "So why not have constant reminders of joy?"
PRINCE JACKSON II, SON: Confusingly, the Jackson child whose birth name is Prince is not the one who goes by Prince (that's the elder brother). Seventeen-year-old Prince Jackson II, the son of Michael and an unknown surrogate, gained strange fame as a baby when his father jokingly dangled him over a balcony. He was known for most of his life as "Blanket." His father said the nickname was meant to mean being wrapped in blessings, as in being "blanketed" with love. At 17, he now goes by the name "Bigi" (BEE'-gee). He has been the most private of the Jackson siblings. He currently attends the private Buckley School in Los Angeles.
DEBBIE ROWE, SECOND WIFE: Michael Jackson's second wife, a nurse he met when she worked for his dermatologist, Rowe is the mother of his two older children. She was absent from the kids' life when their father was alive, but reached an agreement with Katherine Jackson after his death that led to visits with them, though it's not clear how much of a relationship she has with them.
CONRAD MURRAY, DOCTOR: Murray, now 66, had been hired just a few weeks before he administered what turned out to be a fatal dose of the anesthetic propofol to Jackson. Murray, who had no training in the use of the drug, was charged with involuntary manslaughter. After a televised trial that took more than six weeks in 2011, a Los Angeles jury found him guilty. A judge called him "a disgrace to the medical profession" and sentenced him to four years in prison. He was released two years ahead of schedule because of good behavior and California's prison overcrowding. He lost medical licenses in California, Nevada and Texas, and was rejected in 2013 when he tried to regain the Texas license. He has kept a low profile since his release, most recently living alone in a condominium in Florida. He spoke to Inside Edition in 2016, maintaining that he had done nothing wrong. "I lost everything," he told the TV show. "Everything I've amassed has been taken from me as a result of an unjust verdict. I am and I remain an innocent man."
DAVID B. WALGREN AND DEBORAH S. BRAZIL, PROSECUTORS: The two deputy district attorneys who prosecuted Murray for manslaughter in his televised trial are now both Los Angeles Superior Court judges.
EDWARD CHERNOFF AND J. MICHAEL FLANAGAN, DEFENSE ATTORNEYS: The men who defended Murray at his trial remain prominent defense attorneys.
QUINCY JONES, PRODUCER: The 86-year-old who produced Michael's biggest hits was awarded $9.4 million from the Jackson estate by a jury in 2017 that ruled he was owed production fees for "Billie Jean," ''Thriller" and other recordings. Jones had sought $30 million.
WADE ROBSON AND JAMES SAFECHUCK, ACCUSERS: Robson and Safechuck, both of whom spent long stretches with Michael Jackson as boys, told authorities when he was accused of child molestation that he had never inappropriately touched them, with Robson testifying as much in the 2005 criminal trial that ended in the pop star's acquittal. But Robson, who became a popular pop-music choreographer as an adult, filed a lawsuit in 2013 alleging that Jackson had in fact molested him. Safechuck filed his own suit with similar allegations the same year. Both suits were thrown out on technical grounds, and are now on appeal. Earlier this year, they told their stories in graphic detail in the HBO documentary "Leaving Neverland ," reviving public discussion of Jackson as alleged sexual abuser. Jackson's estate and family have denounced the men's stories as full of falsehoods.
JOHN BRANCA, EXECUTOR OF ESTATE — Branca, an entertainment attorney who worked with Michael Jackson at the height of his fame in the 1980s, had just returned to Jackson's fold eight days before the singer's death. He has played a major role since then as the co-executor of Jackson's estate, turning nearly $500 million in debt into assets of over $1 billion.
Dhaka, June 22 (UNB) - Kalidas Karmakar, a painter and printmaker of international repute, on Saturday said Bangladesh needs a national gallery as well as art museums to preserve its artworks.
“Unlike many countries, Bangladesh still has no national gallery to display its artworks. No one is feeling its urgency...art museums should be established in Dhaka as well as other major cities,” he said.
Kalidas Karmakar made the remarks while speaking at the fourth edition of Art-Echo, a monthly talk-show of Cosmos-Atelier 71 Printmaking Studio, titled ‘Alluvial Soul and Beyond’ at Cosmos Centre in the city’s Malibagh area.
The artist also thinks that youths should wage a movement to have such institutions established in the country. “Young artists will have a greater scope and a nationwide art movement can be launched if art museums are set up in major cities,” he said.
He lamented that the country has an insignificant investment in the fine art sector, saying there must be a change. “The identity of a country lies in its arts, not the economy.”
The Ekushey Padak-winning artist lauded the artworks of the country’s young artists. “International standard works are being produced by Bangladesh’s young artists. However, there’s no promotion of those,” he said.
While talking about the Performance Art, Kalidas described it as part of “our culture”. “Performance Art didn’t originate in the West; rather they took the concept from us...it’s part of our lives.”
He expressed his satisfaction that the Performance Art has become a popular form of art in the country.
Washington, Jun 22 (AP/UNB) — No one arrived in a horse-drawn carriage. But there was valet parking for the guests invited to a "mini-ball" held at the Library of Congress in honor of the Disney film "Cinderella."
The Thursday evening event featured a costumed Cinderella character, who descended the library steps to the cheers of a crowd of children and adults, including some members of Congress and their families.
Before Cinderella made her grand entrance, hundreds watched a screening of the Disney classic animated movie, released 70 years ago. The Library of Congress recently added the film to the National Film Registry.
Attending a brief ceremony to mark the honor were Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden and Mary Walsh, director of the Disney Animation Research Library.
Walsh says though "Cinderella" is 70 years old, it has a message that still resonates today, calling it "a story of perseverance and resiliency." She notes of the movie's heroine, "her life was not easy and she found it within herself to continue to have the strength and determination to hold on to her dreams, no matter what was going on and she did it with kindness and respect."
Walsh notes that despite the harsh treatment Cinderella endured, she chose not to retaliate. And she says that "sends a strong message" about enduring under duress, one that is "as important today as it was 70 years ago."
After the ceremony, Cinderella posed for pictures with a long line of children and adults. For guests seeking to create their own fairy tale images, there were a series of photo backdrops, including one that gave guests the chance to slip their feet into a replica glass slipper.